7 October 2008: The 2008 edition of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) State of the World's Food and Agriculture Report focuses on the prospects, risks and opportunities for biofuels. The report addresses key questions relating to the benefits and impacts of biofuel production and use, including impacts on food security, land and water resources, as well as contributions to greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction and agricultural development.
7 October 2008: Addressing the Gambia Climate Change Forum,
taking place in Kololi, the Gambia, from 6-7 October 2008, the
Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Michel
Jarraud, stated that the potential impacts of climate variability and change on
water resources demand special attention, particularly in Africa.
6 October 2008: A bi-regional EU-Latin America and the Caribbean (EU-LAC) forum convened in Paris, France, on 6 October 2008, to address the challenges of globalization and its effect on the economy, social cohesion and the environment. Pamela Cox, World Bank Vice President for Latin America and the Caribbean, addressed the forum, highlighting that some countries in Latin America and its citizens “and particularly the extreme poor, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.”
6 October 2008: The UN Environment Programme (UNEP), in
cooperation with governments, is drawing up some projects to demonstrate that
re-investing in damaged ecosystems can generate significant economic,
environmental and social returns.
6 October 2008: UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
António Guterres told the opening session of his agency's governing Executive
Committee, which met in Geneva, Switzerland, from 2-6 October 2006, that
climate change, extreme poverty and conflict are increasingly inter-related,
leading to a surge in forced displacement rising and demands on the UNHCR.
6 October 2008: The list of experts for the first meeting of
the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group (AHTEG) on biodiversity and climate change of
the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has been approved by the Bureau of
the CBD Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice and
the Bureau of the Conference of the Parties.
6 October 2008: In her remarks to the Second Committee of
the General Assembly, taking place in New York, US, UN Deputy Secretary-General
Asha-Rose Migiro underlined that Africa is the region that faces the greatest
challenges, in particular in the context of climate change and the food and oil
6 October 2008: The Division for Sustainable Development (DSD), UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), and the
Government of China have announced the "Beijing High-Level Conference on Climate Change: Technology Development and Technology Transfer," which will take place on 7-8 November 2008. This invitation-only Conference will focus on four main areas: the current status and development potential of energy, and other climate-related technologies; the current status and trends in technology transfer; barriers to technology transfer; and policy options and possible new mechanisms to enhance international cooperation and technology transfer to developing countries under the UNFCCC.
6 October 2008: Top UN officials marked World Habitat Day by
drawing attention to the need to raise awareness of the problems of rapid
urbanization, its impact on the environment and the challenges of rising urban
poverty. The UN has designated the first Monday in October each year as World
Habitat Day, to reflect on the state of towns and cities and the basic right to
adequate shelter for all. This year, Luanda, Angola, led the observance of the
celebration, which focused on the theme “Harmonious Cities.”
3 October 2008: This UN Conference on Trade and Development publication reviews biofuel certification schemes that are already in place or are being developed, including: benefits and drawbacks of such schemes; implications for developing countries; and possible ramifications of certification in the context of the World Trade Organization.