IMO, ICAO Report on GHG Emission Reductions Efforts
15 November 2012: The UNFCCC Secretariat has released a miscellaneous document containing information relevant to emissions from fuel used for international aviation and maritime transport (FCCC/SBSTA/2012/MISC.20). Both the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) presented updates of their activities related to greenhouse gases (GHG) emission reduction.
ICAO reports on initiatives focused on four key areas, including on: States' action plans and assistance to States; sustainable alternative fuels for aviation; market-based measures; and global aspirational goals. On global aspirational goals, it reports that the Secretariat has been compiling and interpreting the data contained in States' action plans to determine a global figure, which will be integrated with the carbon dioxide trends assessment being prepared by the Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP) for the period 2010 to 2050. The assessment will be finalized in early 2013 and will support the review of the medium-term global aspirational goal and the exploration of a long-term global aspirational goal for international aviation. ICAO states that its Assembly Resolution A37-19 is a demonstration of its member States' willingness to take steps relating to climate change.
The submission presented by IMO highlights that its Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) has been considering as part of its agenda actions to address GHG emissions from ships engaged in international trade. It also remarks that the MEPC adopted in 2012 guidelines aimed at supporting implementation of the mandatory measures to increase energy efficiency and reduce GHG emissions from international shipping; and continued discussions on market-based measures for GHG emissions from international shipping, agreeing on the need for an update study of GHG emissions estimate to base its future estimations.
At its 36th session, the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 36) invited the Secretariats of the ICAO and the IMO to continue to report on relevant work in relation to addressing emissions from fuel used for international aviation and maritime transport. [Publication: UNFCCC Miscellaneous Document with ICAO and IMO's Submissions]