IFPRI Studies Reveal Constraints to Climate Change Adaptation in African Agriculture

New Study Identifies Farmers' Options and Obstacles to Adapting to Climate Change 12 November 2008: A series of studies conducted by the

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) identify the options and

obstacles African smallholder framers face in adapting to climate change.

Farmers surveyed in South Africa and Ethiopia recognized lack of access to

credit, as well as lack of water, land, information and market access, and

insecure property rights as main constraints in developing strategies for

climate change adaptation. The study shows that successful adaptation strategies

include increased irrigation, water harvesting, soil conservation measures,

crop diversification, and changed planting dates.

Furthermore, framers who had

access to credit and extension, clear land titles, farming experience and

diverse production systems found it easier to adapt than others. The study also

projects that a significant reduction in adverse impacts of climate change in

Sub-Saharan Africa would require investments of US$2 billion per year in

agricultural research and development, rural roads, female secondary education,

irrigation and access to clean water.

The study was conducted by IFPRI, which

is part of the Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research

(CGIAR) in collaboration with the Center for Environmental Economics and Policy

in Africa, the Ethiopian Development Research Institute, the Ethiopian

Economics Association, and the University of Hamburg, Germany. It is part of an

ongoing series of studies on climate change adaptation in African agriculture.

[IFPRI Press Release]

[IFPRI Policy Briefs on

Adaptation in African Agriculture]