IFPRI Releases Series of Briefs on Food Security and Climate Change in Africa
July 2011: The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has released a series of briefs on food security and climate change in Africa. The briefs use a selection of climate scenarios to model hydrological and temperature impacts on productivity and income, as well as adaptation scenarios.
In "How can African agriculture adapt to climate change," IFPRI collects a series of 20 briefs from Ethiopia and South Africa including on: the impact of climate variability and climate change on water and food outcomes; the vulnerability to and the impact of climate change in South Africa's Limpopo River Basin; mapping South African farming sector's vulnerability; and assessing household vulnerability to climate change in Ethiopia.
In "Simulating the impact of climate change and adaptation strategies on farm productivity and income," climate scenarios are modelled in Tunisia to examine three levels of temperature increase and decreasing precipitation on a bioeconomic model that couples a cropping system model and an economic model run sequentially. The study suggests that productivity and farm income will decline dramatically with climate change. It notes that the success of adaptation strategies is highly dependent on availability of water and the cost of mobilizing adaptation at the farm level.
The brief "Agricultural management for climate change adaptation, greenhouse gas mitigation, and agricultural productivity," examines potential synergies among mitigation, productivity and adaptation for smallholder producers in Kenya. The paper highlights "triple wins" from integrated soil fertility management and improved livestock feeding, as well as the importance of soil and water conservation in arid zones. IFPRI is a member of of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). [Publication: Simulating the Impact of Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies on Farm Productivity and Income] [Publication: How Can African Agriculture Adapt to Climate Change] [Publication: Agricultural Management for Climate Change Adaptation, Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Agricultural Productivity]