IFAD, FAO and ILO Release Report on Gender and Agriculture
January 2011: The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) have released a report highlighting the unique role women play in rural economies and the potential they offer for lifting their households and communities out of poverty.
The report, titled "Gender dimensions of agricultural and rural employment: Differentiated pathways out of poverty," is based on a 2009 workshop that sought to identify best practices for addressing gender inequalities, as well as gaps in data and research. It addresses the current trends in rural employment impacting gender roles, including, international trade, migration and HIV/AIDS. It also highlights gender constraints related to unpaid work, education, and access to land, credit and markets. The report explores the consequences of gender inequalities, underscoring policy options related to fundamental rights, creation of employment, social protection and social dialogue. The report also includes papers that were contributed to the workshop on specific cases from Mexico, South Africa, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam.
The report also notes that climate change, as well as the global food, fuel and financial crises, constitute new challenges to the achievement of poverty reduction and gender equality in the rural world. It underlines that these processes are not sufficiently documented yet to permit any sound assessment, but formulates some tentative considerations related to the gender differentiated effects of climate change mitigation and adaptation policies. [The Report]