ICAO Council President Discusses Aviation in Latin America
2 November 2010: The President of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Roberto Kobeh González, spoke about challenges posed by the rapidly expanding Latin American civil aviation industry at the 19th Ordinary Assembly of the Latin American Civil Aviation Commission.
González focused on the need to unite aviation for safety, security and the environment, underlining that progress on environmental issues will be the most difficult of the three to realize. He highlighted that the resolution agreed at the ICAO Assembly in September 2010 will make the ICAO the first UN agency to lead a sector to establish global carbon dioxide emissions goals.
The resolution builds upon and solidifies goals and systems initiated at the 2007 session of the ICAO Assembly, which saw the creation of: a global target of improving aviation fuel efficiency by 2% per year up to 2050; a framework for development and deployment of alternative fuels; and a target to create a carbon dioxide standard for aircraft by 2013.
The 2010 resolution included provisions on the development of a framework for market-based measures (MBMs) to reduce carbon dioxide output, including a feasibility study on a global MBM scheme and guiding principles for States to use when designing and implementing MBMs. In addition, the agreement creates mechanisms for technology transfer and financial assistance to developing States, a requirement for States to submit action plans for reaching environmental targets, assistance for States to meet objectives, and an exemption from MBMs for States with very low emissions (less than 1% of global total air traffic).
González indicated that the ICAO would report on its progress at the 16th session of the Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC at the end of 2010, in Cancun, Mexico. [ICAO Press Release]