IAEA Annual Report: Climate Change to Shape Nuclear Future

 IAEA Annual Report: Climate Change to Shape Nuclear Future 4 August 2008: The

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has released its 2007 Annual Report,

which notes that the nuclear development is increasingly shaped by issues

linked to concerns over and climate change, food and energy.

The Report states that an increasing number of countries are

seeking technical assistance on nuclear science and technology, including nuclear

power for electricity generation. The Report will be examined by the General

Conference of member States, scheduled to take place from 29 September to 4

October 2008 in Vienna, Austria.

The Report notes the Agency's contribution to

the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report

and outlines IPCC findings, including that nuclear energy has the largest

mitigation potential in terms of avoided emissions at the lowest average social

cost globally. On the policy side, the Report recalls the convening, by the

IAEA, of a side event during the Climate Change COP in Bali in December 2007,

on the mitigation potential of nuclear power and the IAEA services to member

States for analyzing nuclear options.

The Report further highlights the Agency's initiatives for ongoing water management efforts and assessing climate change impacts. Finally, the Report's

section on technology mentions the applications of nuclear techniques in the

protection of the marine environment, including through a study on the effects

of ocean acidification that follows the IPCC recommendation for greater

knowledge of the impacts of climate change on marine biodiversity. [IAEA Annual Report 2007]