ESCAP Publishes Asia-Pacific Statistical Yearbook

6 November 2012: The UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) has published its “Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2012.”  The Yearbook features country profiles with selected statistical indicators, tables and charts for the 58 regional and associate members of ESCAP. It highlights Asia-Pacific gains in economic growth, poverty reduction and child survival while also noting wide development gaps, particularly in gender equality and health care.

The Yearbook illustrates trends over the last 20 years and shows regional and world averages for comparison. Highlighted trends include: decreases in extreme poverty from 71% in 1990 to 57% in 2010; increased carbon dioxide emissions from 38% in 1990 to 50% by 2009 alongside slowing growth in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, from 4.1% in 2008 to 2.6% in 2009; and increased numbers of people without access improved water sources, from 73% in 1990 to 91% in 2010.

The “Did you know?” section presents facts on people, environment, economy, and connectivity. The environment section describes Asia-Pacific trends on climate, energy, forest cover, and natural disasters, noting that Asia-Pacific accounts for 46% of global energy production. The Yearbook further highlights differences in forest cover by sub-regions: while the region as a whole increased its forest cover, Southeast Asia lost an area of primary forest the size of Viet Nam. Asia-Pacific also suffered more than other world regions from natural disasters, with 81% of deaths from natural disasters occurring in Asia-Pacific.

Each country profile includes sections on air pollution and climate change, biodiversity, connectivity, demographic trends, economic growth, education, energy, health, natural disasters, international relations, poverty and inequalities, and water. The corresponding online database contains country profiles and complete time series that are annually updated at the end of March and October.

This Yearbook is the first to be published only online.  Beginning with this edition, the Yearbook will be available as a printed edition every other year. [ESCAP Press Release] [Publication: Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2012]