Southwest Pacific

Implementation Update: Palestine Joins UNFCCC, China, EU, India, US Announce Climate Actions [viewed]

UNFCCC2 April 2016: Parties to the UNFCCC are making major announcements related to the Paris Agreement and its objectives. The actions described in this Update are also important for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts). A number news items reported here will also advance SDG 7, especially Target 7.2 to "increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix."

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Sustainable Energy Finance Update: Majority of 2015 Renewables Investment Went to Developing Countries [viewed]

energy_finance_review20151 April 2016: When governments adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September of last year, they agreed to a goal of ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (SDG 7) by 2030. In a separate Goal, SDG 17, they set out targets for the means of implementation (MOI) necessary for achieving the SDGs. As the focus shifts from "the year of decisions" to "the year of implementation," the MOI necessary for achieving SDG 7, as well as the other Goals, are receiving greater attention. This update examines recent news related to finance MOI, with a view to identifying what governments and intergovernmental actors are doing to mobilize renewable energy, energy efficiency and energy access finance.

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Adapting to Climate Challenges, Indigenous Mountain Farmers Exchange Seeds and Traditional Practices [viewed]

iied_mp30 March 2016: A Tajikistan workshop with indigenous mountain farmers from 10 countries endorsed the 'Tuggoz Declaration on Climate Change and Mountain Indigenous Peoples,' which calls for protecting indigenous farming systems and landscapes through the legal recognition of Biocultural Heritage Territories. The declaration calls for indigenous peoples' rights to land, natural resources; for traditional knowledge to be fully respected in all mitigation and adaptation policies and programmes; and for the full and effective implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

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ACP Countries Set to Adopt Climate Action Plan [viewed]

ACP logo23 March 2016: Following a two-day special meeting on the outcomes of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC, the Sub-Committee on Sustainable Development of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States agreed on a draft Action Plan for the ACP 79 members for the 2016-2020 period, aiming to strengthen the global climate response in the context of sustainable development and poverty reduction efforts.

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March 2016 Transparency Update [viewed]

enlighten_unfccc_mrv31 March 2016: During the month of March, the UNFCCC Secretariat published a number of reports in accordance with the current transparency system of the UNFCCC. These include an information note on the creation of a public registry for nationally determined contributions (NDCs), 19 true-up period review reports (TPRs) and the greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory review report for Canada. Two UNFCCC meetings of lead reviewers also took place and the outcomes were subsequently published. In addition, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and Global Environment Facility (GEF) en.lighten initiative and the International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV announced transparency-related capacity-building initiatives.

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WHO Assessment Finds Unhealthy Environments Contribute to 12.6 Million Deaths Annually [viewed]

WHO15 March 2016: Environmental risk factors, such as air, water and soil pollution, chemical exposures, climate change, and ultraviolet radiation contribute to more than 100 types of diseases and injuries, amounting to 12.6 million people dying each year as a result of living or working in an unhealthy environment, according to a global assessment undertaken by the World Health Organization (WHO).

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UN Statistical Commission Agrees on SDG Indicator Framework as "Practical Starting Point" [viewed]

47unsc11 March 2016: The UN Statistical Commission (UNSC) agreed, "as a practical starting point," with the global indicator framework proposed by the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators (IAEG-SDGs), noting that the indicators are "subject to further technical refinement." The Commission also took decisions on capacity building for national statistical systems, and climate change and governance statistics.

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ESCAP Spotlights Rising Urban Disasters in Asia-Pacific [viewed]

UNESCAP10 March 2016: The UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) has published a report that calls for urgent action to tackle increasing urban disasters in the Asia-Pacific region. The report, titled 'Disasters in Asia and the Pacific: 2015 Year in Review,' warns that the region's cities, with their growing population, depleted ecological buffers and outdated urban infrastructure, may not be equipped to tackle urban disasters.

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Study Calls for Indigenous Participation in Ocean Governance [viewed]

dspd-indigenous_people19 February 2016: A study conducted by a member of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (PFII) calls for mechanisms to facilitate indigenous peoples' full participation in decision-making processes related to the oceans, and to secure their free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) for activities that have a direct impact on them. The recommendations of the study are expected to be considered by PFII 15 in May 2016.

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G20 Finance Ministers Cooperate on Taxation, Infrastructure Investment, and Green Finance [viewed]

unep_g2027 February 2016: The Group of 20 (G20) Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors concluded a two-day meeting in Shanghai, China, pledging to enhance economic resilience, promote infrastructure investment, cooperate on tax matters and develop options for mobilizing private capital for green investment.

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