Southwest Pacific

Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: Adaptation Committee and LDC Expert Group Begin Work under Paris Mandate, Climate Change Adaptation, DRR and Sustainable Development Interlinkages Come to the Fore [viewed]

unfccc_unu_undp_une-_wcmc9 April 2016: Alongside the long-term goal of limiting temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels by 2100, the Paris Agreement on climate change includes a long-term adaptation goal, namely that of "enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal." Furthermore, the vast majority of national climate plans submitted in advance of Paris (or Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)) included descriptions of countries' adaptation goals, priorities, actions and needs. This Adaptation Update is the first in a series that aims to track the implementation of the adaptation component of these INDCs, and progress towards the long-term adaptation goal of the Paris Agreement. The activities reported in this Update also contribute to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts), as well as SDG 1 (End poverty in all its forms everywhere), SDG 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls) and SDG 10 (Reduce inequality within and among countries).

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Implementation Update: Momentum Builds Ahead of Paris Agreement Signing Ceremony [viewed]

UNFCCC8 April 2016: This Implementation Update report summarizes activities by UNFCCC Parties related to the fulfillment of their commitments, especially following the adoption in 2015 of the Paris Agreement and in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Recent news includes actions taken by the UNFCCC Secretariat to support implementation, announcements by Parties of their intention to sign or ratify the Paris Agreement, and efforts by Canada, the US and Thailand aimed at accelerating climate action.

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Asia-Pacific Adopts Plan for Financing 2030 Agenda, GCF Offers Support [viewed]

UNESCAP31 March 2016: Delegates at a UN regional dialogue on Financing for Development (FfD) agreed on follow-up steps towards implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including plans to nurture capital markets and establish a regional forum on tax cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. At the meeting, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) urged countries to submit innovative project proposals on responding to climate challenges, for possible financing.

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March 2016 Climate Finance Update: Fund Boards Meet, Carbon Markets Under the Spotlight [viewed]

march2016_climate_finance7 April 2016: In the Paris Agreement, agreed upon by 195 UN Member States in December 2015, countries agreed to make “finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate-resilient development.” Developing countries will receive financial resources for both mitigation and adaptation actions, while developed countries are expected to continue to lead in mobilizing climate finance from a variety of sources, with public funds playing a significant role in reaching the previously agreed US$100 billion annual target by 2020. Monthly IIDS RS Climate Finance Updates aim to help track multilateral financing to support the finance goal agreed under the UNFCCC, which will in turn contribute to the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts).

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Implementation Update: Palestine Joins UNFCCC, China, EU, India, US Announce Climate Actions [viewed]

UNFCCC2 April 2016: Parties to the UNFCCC are making major announcements related to the Paris Agreement and its objectives. The actions described in this Update are also important for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts). A number news items reported here will also advance SDG 7, especially Target 7.2 to "increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix."

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Sustainable Energy Finance Update: Majority of 2015 Renewables Investment Went to Developing Countries [viewed]

energy_finance_review20151 April 2016: When governments adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September of last year, they agreed to a goal of ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (SDG 7) by 2030. In a separate Goal, SDG 17, they set out targets for the means of implementation (MOI) necessary for achieving the SDGs. As the focus shifts from "the year of decisions" to "the year of implementation," the MOI necessary for achieving SDG 7, as well as the other Goals, are receiving greater attention. This update examines recent news related to finance MOI, with a view to identifying what governments and intergovernmental actors are doing to mobilize renewable energy, energy efficiency and energy access finance.

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Adapting to Climate Challenges, Indigenous Mountain Farmers Exchange Seeds and Traditional Practices [viewed]

iied_mp30 March 2016: A Tajikistan workshop with indigenous mountain farmers from 10 countries endorsed the 'Tuggoz Declaration on Climate Change and Mountain Indigenous Peoples,' which calls for protecting indigenous farming systems and landscapes through the legal recognition of Biocultural Heritage Territories. The declaration calls for indigenous peoples' rights to land, natural resources; for traditional knowledge to be fully respected in all mitigation and adaptation policies and programmes; and for the full and effective implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

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ACP Countries Set to Adopt Climate Action Plan [viewed]

ACP logo23 March 2016: Following a two-day special meeting on the outcomes of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC, the Sub-Committee on Sustainable Development of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States agreed on a draft Action Plan for the ACP 79 members for the 2016-2020 period, aiming to strengthen the global climate response in the context of sustainable development and poverty reduction efforts.

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March 2016 Transparency Update [viewed]

enlighten_unfccc_mrv31 March 2016: During the month of March, the UNFCCC Secretariat published a number of reports in accordance with the current transparency system of the UNFCCC. These include an information note on the creation of a public registry for nationally determined contributions (NDCs), 19 true-up period review reports (TPRs) and the greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory review report for Canada. Two UNFCCC meetings of lead reviewers also took place and the outcomes were subsequently published. In addition, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and Global Environment Facility (GEF) en.lighten initiative and the International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV announced transparency-related capacity-building initiatives.

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WHO Assessment Finds Unhealthy Environments Contribute to 12.6 Million Deaths Annually [viewed]

WHO15 March 2016: Environmental risk factors, such as air, water and soil pollution, chemical exposures, climate change, and ultraviolet radiation contribute to more than 100 types of diseases and injuries, amounting to 12.6 million people dying each year as a result of living or working in an unhealthy environment, according to a global assessment undertaken by the World Health Organization (WHO).

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