Southwest Pacific

Policy Update #32: Monthly Forecast: May 2016 [viewed]

After a full schedule of high-profile events, statements, and commitments in April, policy work in May 2016 will be guided by key documents on sustainable development.

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ESCAP Toolkit Builds Capacity for Flood Forecasting and Early Warning [viewed]

un_rimes25 April 2016: The UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) has launched a toolkit to help flood management practitioners in transboundary river basins improve their flood forecasting and early warning capabilities, drawing on real-time satellite data and flood modeling techniques.

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Major Economies Forum Considers Paris Agreement Implementation [viewed]

major_economies_forum24 April 2016: Two days after 175 Parties to the UNFCCC signed the Paris Agreement, the Major Economies Forum on Climate and Energy (MEF) met in New York, US, and contemplated how to continue the momentum ushered in by the adoption of the Agreement by the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP 21). The 24 April meeting was the first time the MEF, which includes the world's largest emitters, convened since the Agreement was adopted in December 2015.

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175 Parties Sign Paris Agreement, 15 Ratify Agreement on Earth Day [viewed]

iisdrs_paris_agreement22 April 2016: During the High-Level Signature Ceremony for the Paris Agreement on Climate Change held at the UN Headquarters in New York, US, on 22 April 2016, 175 Parties to the UNFCCC signed the Paris Agreement (174 countries and the EU), the largest ever number of first-day signatures to an international agreement. Of the 175 Parties that participated in the ceremony, 15 States deposited instruments of ratification. The signature ceremony was preceded, on 21 April, by the High-Level Thematic Debate on Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which highlighted the interlinkages among the actions necessary to address climate change and foster sustainable development, and a briefing on forest conservation and restoration that discussed the implications of the formal signing of the Paris Agreement.

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G20 Finance Ministers, Central Bank Governors Call for Scaling Up Climate Financing [viewed]

g20-201615 April 2016: A communiqué issued by the Group of Twenty (G20) Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting calls for the Green Climate Fund (GCF) to continue scaling up its operations, and stresses the importance of monitoring and transparency of climate finance. In the communiqué, the ministers and governors also give further guidance to the G20 Green Finance Study Group (GFSG) for its July 2016 report and reaffirm their commitment to rationalizing and phasing out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies.

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Implementation Update: As Governments Prepare for Paris Agreement Signing Ceremony, Carbon Pricing in the Spotlight [viewed]

paris_agreement_ceremony21 April 2016: In the lead up to the Paris Agreement on climate change Signing Ceremony, various events have added to the growing momentum of what is expected to be one of the largest ever signing events. In the shadow of the announcement by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) that March 2016 recorded the highest combined global average temperature of any March since 1880, the growing number of countries expected to sign the Paris Agreement on 22 April is also on track to set a record. This Implementation Update summarizes activities by UNFCCC Parties as they focus on mitigating and adapting to these warming trends, especially following the adoption in 2015 of the Paris Agreement and in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It includes: recent buzz around market mechanisms, carbon pricing and scaling private sector involvement; the growing impetus ahead of the High Level Signing Ceremony; an outlook to the May session of the UNFCCC; good news about European cars; and Fiji's post-disaster recovery efforts.

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Vulnerable Countries Urge Financial Responses to Climate Change Consistent with 1.5°C Limit [viewed]

v2014 April 2016: Finance ministers of the Vulnerable Twenty (V20) Group consisting of 43 developing countries 'systemically' vulnerable to climate change have agreed to advance climate change responses through financial action compatible with the goal of keeping the global temperature rise below 1.5°C above preindustrial levels, calling for swifter progress towards the developed countries' commitment of US$100 billion annually.

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Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: Adaptation Committee and LDC Expert Group Begin Work under Paris Mandate, Climate Change Adaptation, DRR and Sustainable Development Interlinkages Come to the Fore [viewed]

unfccc_unu_undp_une-_wcmc9 April 2016: Alongside the long-term goal of limiting temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels by 2100, the Paris Agreement on climate change includes a long-term adaptation goal, namely that of "enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal." Furthermore, the vast majority of national climate plans submitted in advance of Paris (or Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)) included descriptions of countries' adaptation goals, priorities, actions and needs. This Adaptation Update is the first in a series that aims to track the implementation of the adaptation component of these INDCs, and progress towards the long-term adaptation goal of the Paris Agreement. The activities reported in this Update also contribute to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts), as well as SDG 1 (End poverty in all its forms everywhere), SDG 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls) and SDG 10 (Reduce inequality within and among countries).

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Implementation Update: Momentum Builds Ahead of Paris Agreement Signing Ceremony [viewed]

UNFCCC8 April 2016: This Implementation Update report summarizes activities by UNFCCC Parties related to the fulfillment of their commitments, especially following the adoption in 2015 of the Paris Agreement and in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Recent news includes actions taken by the UNFCCC Secretariat to support implementation, announcements by Parties of their intention to sign or ratify the Paris Agreement, and efforts by Canada, the US and Thailand aimed at accelerating climate action.

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Asia-Pacific Adopts Plan for Financing 2030 Agenda, GCF Offers Support [viewed]

UNESCAP31 March 2016: Delegates at a UN regional dialogue on Financing for Development (FfD) agreed on follow-up steps towards implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including plans to nurture capital markets and establish a regional forum on tax cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. At the meeting, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) urged countries to submit innovative project proposals on responding to climate challenges, for possible financing.

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