Northern America

COP 21 Starts Substantive Negotiations [viewed]

cop21_1dec_iisdrs1 December 2015: Governments began substantive negotiations on the second day of the Paris Climate Change Conference. The Rio Conventions Pavilion and Africa Pavilion, among other organizers of side events, also convened panels on the themes of UNFCCC COP 21.

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Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition Launched [viewed]

cpl30 November 2015: Governments, businesses and NGOs launched the Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition on the sidelines of the Paris Climate Change Conference to support the expansion of effective carbon pricing, successful carbon pricing policy development and the use of carbon pricing in business.

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Initiatives Announced to Double Clean Energy Research and Development [viewed]

cop2130 November 2015: Twenty major economies launched an initiative to double their investments in clean energy research and development (R&D), while a group of private major investors announced a coalition pledged to invest in early-stage development of technology coming out of the aforementioned initiative. Both were formally announced at the opening of the Paris Climate Change Conference.

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Paris Climate Change Conference Opens with Financial Pledges at Leaders Event [viewed]

iisdrs_cop2130 November 2015: Heads of State and Government attending the Leaders Event on the first day of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 21) addressed, inter alia: the inclusion of gender for ensuring climate justice; the importance of differentiation; the legal form of the agreement; the periodicity of the review process; transparency and accountability rules; whether or not to anchor loss and damage in a permanent mechanism; the role of natural capital accounting; the link between climate change and development; balancing mitigation and adaptation finance; technology transfer in providing mitigation support; and the need to address the degradation of forests, desertification, and biodiversity loss.

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Donors Pledge US$248 Million to LDC Fund [viewed]

Global Environment Facility (GEF)30 November 2015: At the opening of the Paris Climate Change Conference, eleven donor countries made pledges totaling US$248 million to the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to continue financing actions to reduce vulnerability in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and enable climate-resilient sustainable development and livelihoods.

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APEC Ministers Commit to Implementing UN Goals, Address Energy Intensity [viewed]

apec19 November 2015: Ministers from the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) countries affirmed their commitment to implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on financing for development (AAAA) at the close of the 23rd APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting meeting. APEC leaders also adopted the APEC Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Framework to facilitate international cooperation cooperation on DRR.

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Commonwealth Members Commit to Ambitious Legally-Binding Climate Agreement [viewed]

commonwealth29 November 2015: The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) adopted a Leaders' Statement on Climate Action in which Commonwealth members reconfirm their commitment to negotiate a legally-binding agreement on climate change at the Paris Climate Change Conference that signals the need for deep emission cuts, promotes low-emission and climate-resilient development pathways and raises mitigation ambition over time.

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WMO: 2015 Likely to be Warmest Year on Record [viewed]

WMO25 November 2015: The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has estimated that the world will have reached 1°C of warming above pre-industrial levels in 2015. The Organization predicts that the global average surface temperature in 2015 is likely to be the warmest on record, noting the cause as a combination of anthropogenic climate change and a strong El Niño. In addition, the years 2011-2015 make up the warmest five-year period ever recorded, according to the WMO.

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G20 Summit Discusses 2030 Agenda, COP 21 [viewed]

g20-turkey16 November 2015: At the Antalya Summit, leaders from the Group of 20 (G20) discussed inclusiveness, investment and implementation – themes based on the Turkish Presidency's priorities – as well as sustainable development and climate change in the run-up to the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC.

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Policy Update #24: INDCs: Foundation for a Successful Outcome in Paris? [viewed]

With the Paris Climate Change Conference just around the corner, 134 intended national determined contributions (INDCs), representing more than 150 countries, have been submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat as of 12 November, and more are still expected before Paris. INDCs outline the climate actions that individual countries intend to undertake in the post-2020 period, under the new climate agreement to be decided on in Paris.[1] Viewing them in aggregate should enable the tracking of progress and determining whether they represent a collective level of ambition that will be sufficient to limit temperature rise below 2°C relative to pre-industrial levels.[2]

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