Near East

175 Parties Sign Paris Agreement, 15 Ratify Agreement on Earth Day [viewed]

iisdrs_paris_agreement22 April 2016: During the High-Level Signature Ceremony for the Paris Agreement on Climate Change held at the UN Headquarters in New York, US, on 22 April 2016, 175 Parties to the UNFCCC signed the Paris Agreement (174 countries and the EU), the largest ever number of first-day signatures to an international agreement. Of the 175 Parties that participated in the ceremony, 15 States deposited instruments of ratification. The signature ceremony was preceded, on 21 April, by the High-Level Thematic Debate on Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which highlighted the interlinkages among the actions necessary to address climate change and foster sustainable development, and a briefing on forest conservation and restoration that discussed the implications of the formal signing of the Paris Agreement.

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G20 Finance Ministers, Central Bank Governors Call for Scaling Up Climate Financing [viewed]

g20-201615 April 2016: A communiqué issued by the Group of Twenty (G20) Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting calls for the Green Climate Fund (GCF) to continue scaling up its operations, and stresses the importance of monitoring and transparency of climate finance. In the communiqué, the ministers and governors also give further guidance to the G20 Green Finance Study Group (GFSG) for its July 2016 report and reaffirm their commitment to rationalizing and phasing out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies.

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Organization of Islamic Cooperation Commits to Implementing SDGs, Welcomes Paris Agreement [viewed]

oic15 April 2016: Heads of State and Government of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) welcomed the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the OIC's 13th Islamic Summit. In the Conference's Final Communiqué, participants supported actions to address climate change and implement the SDGs, among others.

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Vulnerable Countries Urge Financial Responses to Climate Change Consistent with 1.5°C Limit [viewed]

v2014 April 2016: Finance ministers of the Vulnerable Twenty (V20) Group consisting of 43 developing countries 'systemically' vulnerable to climate change have agreed to advance climate change responses through financial action compatible with the goal of keeping the global temperature rise below 1.5°C above preindustrial levels, calling for swifter progress towards the developed countries' commitment of US$100 billion annually.

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Spring Meetings Address Humanitarian-Development Link [viewed]

wb_imf17 April 2016: The refugee crisis, a slowing economy and other global challenges were in focus for the central bankers, ministers of finance and development and civil society representatives participating in the 2016 World Bank Group - International Monetary Fund (IMF) Spring Meetings.

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ICAO's 2016 GLADs Collect Feedback on Proposed Global Market-Based Measure Scheme [viewed]

Icao8 April 2016: During a second round of Global Aviation Dialogues (GLADs) on market-based measures (MBM) to address climate change, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has presented draft Assembly resolution text to member States and other stakeholders in the five ICAO regions. Each GLAD provided participants the opportunity to learn about the design elements and implementation mechanisms of the MBM draft resolution text and to offer initial feedback during discussions.

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World Bank and GFDRR, UN-Habitat and UfM to Collaborate on Sustainable Urban Development [viewed]

world_bank_new8 April 2016: Two partnerships related to resilient urban development have been recently been unveiled. The World Bank Group and the Global Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction (GFDRR) have announced a partnership that will strengthen building regulation for disaster resilience in vulnerable countries, by improving implementation and compliance through the 'Building Regulation for Resilience: Managing Risks for Safer Cities' program. For their part, UN-Habitat and the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) have agreed to cooperate on actions aimed at achieving socially and environmentally sustainable urban development in the Mediterranean region. These developments will help achieve Sustainable Development Goal 11 (Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable).

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March 2016 Climate Finance Update: Fund Boards Meet, Carbon Markets Under the Spotlight [viewed]

march2016_climate_finance7 April 2016: In the Paris Agreement, agreed upon by 195 UN Member States in December 2015, countries agreed to make “finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate-resilient development.” Developing countries will receive financial resources for both mitigation and adaptation actions, while developed countries are expected to continue to lead in mobilizing climate finance from a variety of sources, with public funds playing a significant role in reaching the previously agreed US$100 billion annual target by 2020. Monthly IIDS RS Climate Finance Updates aim to help track multilateral financing to support the finance goal agreed under the UNFCCC, which will in turn contribute to the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts).

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Implementation Update: Palestine Joins UNFCCC, China, EU, India, US Announce Climate Actions [viewed]

UNFCCC2 April 2016: Parties to the UNFCCC are making major announcements related to the Paris Agreement and its objectives. The actions described in this Update are also important for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts). A number news items reported here will also advance SDG 7, especially Target 7.2 to "increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix."

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Adapting to Climate Challenges, Indigenous Mountain Farmers Exchange Seeds and Traditional Practices [viewed]

iied_mp30 March 2016: A Tajikistan workshop with indigenous mountain farmers from 10 countries endorsed the 'Tuggoz Declaration on Climate Change and Mountain Indigenous Peoples,' which calls for protecting indigenous farming systems and landscapes through the legal recognition of Biocultural Heritage Territories. The declaration calls for indigenous peoples' rights to land, natural resources; for traditional knowledge to be fully respected in all mitigation and adaptation policies and programmes; and for the full and effective implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

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