Latin America & the Caribbean

Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: Adaptation Committee and LDC Expert Group Begin Work under Paris Mandate, Climate Change Adaptation, DRR and Sustainable Development Interlinkages Come to the Fore [viewed]

unfccc_unu_undp_une-_wcmc9 April 2016: Alongside the long-term goal of limiting temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels by 2100, the Paris Agreement on climate change includes a long-term adaptation goal, namely that of "enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal." Furthermore, the vast majority of national climate plans submitted in advance of Paris (or Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)) included descriptions of countries' adaptation goals, priorities, actions and needs. This Adaptation Update is the first in a series that aims to track the implementation of the adaptation component of these INDCs, and progress towards the long-term adaptation goal of the Paris Agreement. The activities reported in this Update also contribute to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts), as well as SDG 1 (End poverty in all its forms everywhere), SDG 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls) and SDG 10 (Reduce inequality within and among countries).

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Implementation Update: Momentum Builds Ahead of Paris Agreement Signing Ceremony [viewed]

UNFCCC8 April 2016: This Implementation Update report summarizes activities by UNFCCC Parties related to the fulfillment of their commitments, especially following the adoption in 2015 of the Paris Agreement and in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Recent news includes actions taken by the UNFCCC Secretariat to support implementation, announcements by Parties of their intention to sign or ratify the Paris Agreement, and efforts by Canada, the US and Thailand aimed at accelerating climate action.

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BASIC Countries Discuss Paris Agreement Implementation [viewed]

brazil_southafrica_india_china7 April 2016: At the conclusion of their 22nd Meeting on Climate Change, Ministers from Brazil, South Africa, India and China (BASIC countries) issued a joint statement, pledging to sign the Paris Agreement on 22 April 2016 during the High-Level Signature Ceremony convened by the UN Secretary-General and to initiate domestic processes for ratification, acceptance or approval as soon as possible.

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Event: Oceans and Climate Meeting in Preparation for Oceans Day at UNFCCC COP 22 [viewed]

This is the third in a series of initial discussion meetings on oceans and climate change, which aim to: prioritize actions to be undertaken during the next 12 months to advance specific aspects of the oceans and climate agenda; help mobilize a group of high-level leaders on oceans and climate to provide the necessary political impetus and support; consider which collaborating organizations have the comparative advantage and willingness to take the lead on specific priority actions; and initiate work with the Government of Morocco and others to ensure oceans issues are prominent at the 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) to the UNFCCC, in particular, through the convening of Oceans Day. Priority actions will draw from recommendations on oceans and climate related to mitigation, adaptation, displacement, financing, and capacity development, laid out at Oceans Day during UNFCCC COP 21.  

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March 2016 Climate Finance Update: Fund Boards Meet, Carbon Markets Under the Spotlight [viewed]

march2016_climate_finance7 April 2016: In the Paris Agreement, agreed upon by 195 UN Member States in December 2015, countries agreed to make “finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate-resilient development.” Developing countries will receive financial resources for both mitigation and adaptation actions, while developed countries are expected to continue to lead in mobilizing climate finance from a variety of sources, with public funds playing a significant role in reaching the previously agreed US$100 billion annual target by 2020. Monthly IIDS RS Climate Finance Updates aim to help track multilateral financing to support the finance goal agreed under the UNFCCC, which will in turn contribute to the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts).

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LAC Environment Ministers Agree to Cooperate on Climate Change, SDGs, Chemicals [viewed]

UNEP31 March 2016: At a regional forum held in preparation for the Second UN Environment Assembly (UNEA-2), environment ministers from Latin American and Caribbean countries agreed on arrangements for cooperation on climate, air quality, and chemicals and waste. They also called for fast, ambitious and integrated action to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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Sustainable Energy Finance Update: Majority of 2015 Renewables Investment Went to Developing Countries [viewed]

energy_finance_review20151 April 2016: When governments adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September of last year, they agreed to a goal of ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (SDG 7) by 2030. In a separate Goal, SDG 17, they set out targets for the means of implementation (MOI) necessary for achieving the SDGs. As the focus shifts from "the year of decisions" to "the year of implementation," the MOI necessary for achieving SDG 7, as well as the other Goals, are receiving greater attention. This update examines recent news related to finance MOI, with a view to identifying what governments and intergovernmental actors are doing to mobilize renewable energy, energy efficiency and energy access finance.

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Adapting to Climate Challenges, Indigenous Mountain Farmers Exchange Seeds and Traditional Practices [viewed]

iied_mp30 March 2016: A Tajikistan workshop with indigenous mountain farmers from 10 countries endorsed the 'Tuggoz Declaration on Climate Change and Mountain Indigenous Peoples,' which calls for protecting indigenous farming systems and landscapes through the legal recognition of Biocultural Heritage Territories. The declaration calls for indigenous peoples' rights to land, natural resources; for traditional knowledge to be fully respected in all mitigation and adaptation policies and programmes; and for the full and effective implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

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ACP Countries Set to Adopt Climate Action Plan [viewed]

ACP logo23 March 2016: Following a two-day special meeting on the outcomes of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC, the Sub-Committee on Sustainable Development of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States agreed on a draft Action Plan for the ACP 79 members for the 2016-2020 period, aiming to strengthen the global climate response in the context of sustainable development and poverty reduction efforts.

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Study Reveals Significant Gaps in Collections of Crop Wild Relatives for Global Food Security and Climate Adaptation [viewed]

ciat_kew21 March 2016: A study by researchers of the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew reveals gaps in the conservation of crop wild relatives (CWR) of agricultural food crops, including crops important for food security in developing countries, such as banana and plantain, cassava, sorghum and sweet potato.

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