Latin America & the Caribbean

ECLAC Explores Role of Fiscal Instruments in Climate Change Policies [viewed]

ECLAC7 September 2015: A seminar organized by the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) discussed the role of economic and fiscal instruments in countries' intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), which are part of the UN process to reach a universal agreement on climate change at the UN Paris Climate Change Conference in December 2015. The seminar also launched the Climate Change, Environmental Taxation and Economic Instruments Network to foster a regular exchange of information among specialists on related practices.

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UNEP DTU, CTCN Showcase Adaptation Monitoring and Evaluation Good Practices [viewed]

unep-ctcn7 September 2015: A publication launched by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) DTU Partnership (UDP) and the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) showcases practices that have been developed in monitoring and evaluating climate change adaptation. The report, titled ‘Good Practices in Designing and Implementing National Monitoring Systems for Adaptation to Climate Change,' compiles lessons learned from building and implementing indicator systems.

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Co-Chairs Announced for Post-2015 Summit Interactive Dialogues [viewed]

post2015_summit31 August 2015: UN General Assembly (UNGA) President Sam Kutesa has announced the Heads of State and Government who will serve as Co-Chairs of each interactive dialogue session during the UN summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda (Sustainable Development Summit), taking place on 25-27 September 2015. In his letter accompanying the list, Kutesa indicates that the selection of Co-Chairs was based on submissions as well as consultations with the regional groups of Member States.

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Algeria, Colombia Submit INDCs [viewed]

algeria_colombia7 September 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Algeria and Colombia are the 58th and 59th Parties, respectively, to formally submit their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs). Algeria's INDC includes a target of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 7-22% below a business as usual (BAU) reference level by 2030. In its INDC, Colombia puts forward a unilateral, unconditional GHG reduction target of 20% compared to BAU by 2030, as well as a conditional 30% reduction target.

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UN-REDD Brief Examines Fiscal Incentives for Agricultural Commodities as Part of REDD+ Readiness [viewed]

unreddSeptember 2015: Noting that fiscal policies and incentives are often key underlying drivers of forest change and influence land use behavior in sectors that encroach on forests, a brief produced by the UN Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD) suggests that REDD+ provides an entry point to rethinking fiscal incentives for agricultural commodities as part of National REDD+ Strategies and Action Plans.

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FAO, UNDP Raise Profile of Agriculture in Climate Change Adaptation Planning [viewed]

fao_headquarters1 September 2015: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) have launched a four-year 'Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans' (NAPs) programme, which aims to incorporate eight developing countries' agricultural sectors into NAPs in order to safeguard livelihoods, raise agricultural production and boost food security.

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August 2015 Sustainable Energy Finance Update [viewed]

August 2015 Sustainable Energy1 September 2015: During August 2015, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investment Bank (EIB), the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the Nordic Environment Finance Corporation (NEFCO), among others, announced sustainable energy project funding and related plans. The UN Environment Programme (UNEP), the UNEP-DTU Partnership (UDP), the Climate Investment Funds (CIF) and the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) launched publications and reported on events.

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World Water Week Closes with Calls to “Hydrate” Global Climate Agreement [viewed]

siwi_www28 August 2015: At the close of World Water Week in Stockholm, Sweden, world leaders called on climate negotiators to ensure that water issues are paid due attention in the global climate agreement to be concluded in December 2015 in Paris, France.

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ITTO Highlights Fire Management Approaches, Guide to Carbon Benefits in Forestry Projects [viewed]

IttoAugust 2015: The International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) has published its quarterly newsletter, titled 'Tropical Forest Update,' which looks at the development of fire management in tropical forests since the 1980s, including through some of ITTO's fire-related initiatives. The newsletter also presents a new guide for measuring and making use of the carbon benefits generated in forestry projects.

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Event: Meeting of Senior Government Officials Expert in Environmental Law on the Midterm Review of the Montevideo Programme IV [viewed]

The meeting of senior government officials expert in environmental law on the midterm review of the fourth Programme for the Development and Periodic Review of Environmental Law (Montevideo Programme IV), which is being convened by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), will bring together experts in the field of environmental law from governments, as well as various organizations. The meeting is expected to address, among other things: the midterm review of the implementation and effectiveness of the Montevideo Programme IV; emerging issues in the field of environmental law, in particular in the Montevideo Programme IV programme areas; and priority areas for action in the field of environmental law for the period up to 2020, taking into account the Montevideo Programme IV.

The mid-term review, carried out in a consultative and participatory manner, is expected to assess progress in delivering the Montevideo Programme, as well as shortcomings, gaps and expected future developments. It will also provide an opportunity to: reassess further development and implementation of environmental law in light of new developments and emerging trends; highlight opportunities for improving synergies and coherence of policies and actions across the international community in the field of environmental law; and provide a platform for sharing experiences and facilitating a coordinated approach among a range of actors to facilitate the implementation of internationally agreed environmental objectives and goals through actions in environmental law. The outcomes of the meeting and the review will be reported to the UN Environment Assembly (UNEA) at its second session in 2016.

The UNEP Governing Council (since transformed into the UNEA) adopted he Montevideo Programme IV in February 2009, as a strategy for the international law community and UNEP in formulating activities in the environmental law field for the decade commencing in 2010.  

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