Asia

ICAO's 2016 GLADs Collect Feedback on Proposed Global Market-Based Measure Scheme [viewed]

Icao8 April 2016: During a second round of Global Aviation Dialogues (GLADs) on market-based measures (MBM) to address climate change, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has presented draft Assembly resolution text to member States and other stakeholders in the five ICAO regions. Each GLAD provided participants the opportunity to learn about the design elements and implementation mechanisms of the MBM draft resolution text and to offer initial feedback during discussions.

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Renewable Energy Outlook: Share of Renewables Hits Record High in 2015, a Trend that Could Save Trillions [viewed]

irena_iea_ren21_eea13 April 2016: Two reports recently published by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) indicate that the world can save over US$4 trillion annually by 2030 if the share of renewables in the global energy mix were to double, also by 2030, and that renewable generation capacity has been on the rise, with 2015 marking the highest annual growth rate. While an International Energy Agency (IEA) Energy Business Council meeting examined the global post-Paris energy landscape, regional developments included: a decline of fossil fuel use across the European Union (EU); electricity generation from wind and solar rising by 16% in the countries that make up the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); and the launch of an interactive Southern African Development Community (SADC) map designed to help meet the region's energy needs and increase the deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency.

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Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: Adaptation Committee and LDC Expert Group Begin Work under Paris Mandate, Climate Change Adaptation, DRR and Sustainable Development Interlinkages Come to the Fore [viewed]

unfccc_unu_undp_une-_wcmc9 April 2016: Alongside the long-term goal of limiting temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels by 2100, the Paris Agreement on climate change includes a long-term adaptation goal, namely that of "enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal." Furthermore, the vast majority of national climate plans submitted in advance of Paris (or Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)) included descriptions of countries' adaptation goals, priorities, actions and needs. This Adaptation Update is the first in a series that aims to track the implementation of the adaptation component of these INDCs, and progress towards the long-term adaptation goal of the Paris Agreement. The activities reported in this Update also contribute to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts), as well as SDG 1 (End poverty in all its forms everywhere), SDG 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls) and SDG 10 (Reduce inequality within and among countries).

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Implementation Update: Momentum Builds Ahead of Paris Agreement Signing Ceremony [viewed]

UNFCCC8 April 2016: This Implementation Update report summarizes activities by UNFCCC Parties related to the fulfillment of their commitments, especially following the adoption in 2015 of the Paris Agreement and in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Recent news includes actions taken by the UNFCCC Secretariat to support implementation, announcements by Parties of their intention to sign or ratify the Paris Agreement, and efforts by Canada, the US and Thailand aimed at accelerating climate action.

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BASIC Countries Discuss Paris Agreement Implementation [viewed]

brazil_southafrica_india_china7 April 2016: At the conclusion of their 22nd Meeting on Climate Change, Ministers from Brazil, South Africa, India and China (BASIC countries) issued a joint statement, pledging to sign the Paris Agreement on 22 April 2016 during the High-Level Signature Ceremony convened by the UN Secretary-General and to initiate domestic processes for ratification, acceptance or approval as soon as possible.

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Asia-Pacific Adopts Plan for Financing 2030 Agenda, GCF Offers Support [viewed]

UNESCAP31 March 2016: Delegates at a UN regional dialogue on Financing for Development (FfD) agreed on follow-up steps towards implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including plans to nurture capital markets and establish a regional forum on tax cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. At the meeting, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) urged countries to submit innovative project proposals on responding to climate challenges, for possible financing.

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March 2016 Climate Finance Update: Fund Boards Meet, Carbon Markets Under the Spotlight [viewed]

march2016_climate_finance7 April 2016: In the Paris Agreement, agreed upon by 195 UN Member States in December 2015, countries agreed to make “finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate-resilient development.” Developing countries will receive financial resources for both mitigation and adaptation actions, while developed countries are expected to continue to lead in mobilizing climate finance from a variety of sources, with public funds playing a significant role in reaching the previously agreed US$100 billion annual target by 2020. Monthly IIDS RS Climate Finance Updates aim to help track multilateral financing to support the finance goal agreed under the UNFCCC, which will in turn contribute to the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts).

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Implementation Update: Palestine Joins UNFCCC, China, EU, India, US Announce Climate Actions [viewed]

UNFCCC2 April 2016: Parties to the UNFCCC are making major announcements related to the Paris Agreement and its objectives. The actions described in this Update are also important for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts). A number news items reported here will also advance SDG 7, especially Target 7.2 to "increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix."

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Sustainable Energy Finance Update: Majority of 2015 Renewables Investment Went to Developing Countries [viewed]

energy_finance_review20151 April 2016: When governments adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September of last year, they agreed to a goal of ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (SDG 7) by 2030. In a separate Goal, SDG 17, they set out targets for the means of implementation (MOI) necessary for achieving the SDGs. As the focus shifts from "the year of decisions" to "the year of implementation," the MOI necessary for achieving SDG 7, as well as the other Goals, are receiving greater attention. This update examines recent news related to finance MOI, with a view to identifying what governments and intergovernmental actors are doing to mobilize renewable energy, energy efficiency and energy access finance.

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Adapting to Climate Challenges, Indigenous Mountain Farmers Exchange Seeds and Traditional Practices [viewed]

iied_mp30 March 2016: A Tajikistan workshop with indigenous mountain farmers from 10 countries endorsed the 'Tuggoz Declaration on Climate Change and Mountain Indigenous Peoples,' which calls for protecting indigenous farming systems and landscapes through the legal recognition of Biocultural Heritage Territories. The declaration calls for indigenous peoples' rights to land, natural resources; for traditional knowledge to be fully respected in all mitigation and adaptation policies and programmes; and for the full and effective implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

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