Science, Assessment & Monitoring

EEA Reviews Environmental Performance of EU Transport [viewed]

EEA14 December 2015: The European Environment Agency (EEA) has published a report, titled 'Evaluating 15 Years of Transport and Environmental Policy Integration,' which analyzes the evolution of freight and passenger transport and related impacts on the environment in the EU since 2000. The report concludes that greater efforts, including technological innovation and policies targeting behavioral change, are needed to decarbonize the tranport sector and achieve EU emissions reduction targets.

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EEA Reports on Europe's 2014 Flows of Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases [viewed]

EEA9 December 2015: The European Environment Agency (EEA) issued a report, on 9 December 2015, detailing the production, use, import, export and destruction of fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) in 2014. The EEA points out that data on all of these gases are important not only for tracking EU progress in meeting its obligations under the UNFCCC, but also for the preparations for negotiations in 2016 for an HFC Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.

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Atlas Predicts Climate Impacts in Five Asian River Basins [viewed]

ICIMOD11 December 2015: Three international scientific research agencies have published an atlas describing the impacts of climate change in five Asian river basins. Commemorating International Mountains Day (IMD), the publication, titled ‘The Himalayan Climate and Water Atlas: Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Five of Asia's Major River Basins,' was launched at a side event to the Paris Climate Change Conference.

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CCAC Strengthens Efforts to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants [viewed]

CCAC9 December 2015: The High Level Assembly (HLA) of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) committed to ambitious action over the next five years to reduce emissions of the short-term climate pollutants (SLCPs) - black carbon, methane and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

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COP 21 Considers Revised Draft Paris Outcome [viewed]

cop21_day1110 December 2015: Negotiations continued on the draft outcome of the Paris Climate Change Conference on Thursday, 10 December, with COP 21 President Laurent Fabius introducing a revised draft text in the evening. Fabius said there are “open options” on the most complex issues of differentiation, finance and ambition, and asked delegates to examine the document with a "new perspective,” keeping the final agreement in mind, suggesting “we are extremely close to the finish line.” Following a second night of negotiations, delegates were told on Friday that the sixth meeting of the Comité de Paris would convene Saturday morning, 12 December, during which a final draft of the proposed Paris Outcome would be presented.

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FAO, ITTO Publications Highlight Forest Restoration Needs and Experiences [viewed]

fao_itto9 December 2015: Two publications presented at the Global Landscapes Forum, the latest issue of Unasylva, the forestry journal of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), and an assessment of the Guidelines of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) for the Restoration, Management and Rehabilitation of Degraded Secondary Tropical Forests aim to shed light on the factors contributing to successful forest and landscape restoration and management.

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COP 21 Considers Revised Draft Outcome [viewed]

cop219 December: Delegates at COP 21 discussed a revised version of the Paris outcome during an evening session of the Comité de Paris. Introducing the revised draft, COP 21 President Laurent Fabius informed parties that the text: is “inspired” by the ADP draft Paris outcome from Saturday, 5 December; incorporates ministerial facilitators' recommendations; and draws from ADP co-facilitators' suggestions and experience. He explained that the 29-page text, which contains three-fourths fewer brackets than the previous draft, aims to provide an overview of progress made and identify clear options on three cross-cutting issues still to be settled at the political level.

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Global Carbon Budget Reveals Slower Growth in Carbon Emissions in 2014 [viewed]

WMO8 December 2015: Global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel burning and cement production increased by 0.6%, reaching a total of 9.8 ±0.5 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (GtCO2), representing a 60% increase over 1990 emissions levels, according to the 'Global Carbon Budget.' Despite this increase, the report published by the Global Carbon Project predicts that, in 2015, emissions will decline by -0.6% (range -1.6% to +0.5%).

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COP 21 Considering Draft Paris Outcome [viewed]

cop218 December 2015: Negotiations advanced on the draft outcome of COP 21, with minister-led informal consultations, bilaterals and party-led breakout groups under the "Comité de Paris" on: support: MOI (finance, technology and capacity building); acceleration of pre-2020 action (workstream 2, excluding pre-2020 finance); adaptation, and loss and damage; differentiation, in particular with regard to mitigation, finance and transparency; ambition, including long-term goals and periodic review; facilitating implementation and compliance; preamble; forests; cooperative mechanisms; and response measures.

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Business Leaders Commit to Advancing Low-carbon Economy [viewed]

Global Compact8 December 2015: The third annual Caring for Climate Business Forum brought together 400 business leaders, government officials and other stakeholders to discuss how business can accelerate action for climate change mitigation, and to announce new commitments by business leaders and joint initiatives. The event showed that a growing number of businesses is taking forward-looking actions to develop viable business models in support of a low-carbon economy.

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