Science, Assessment & Monitoring

Group on Earth Observations Adopts Mexico City Declaration [viewed]

geo1213 November 2015: The Twelfth Plenary Session of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO-XII) and the 2015 Mexico City Ministerial Summit concluded with the adoption of the Mexico City Declaration and the approval of the GEO Strategic Plan for 2016-2025.

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UNCCD Publishes Brief on Land-Climate Nexus [viewed]

land_matters_for_climate11 November 2015: The UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has published a brief titled, ‘Land matters for climate: Reducing the gap and approaching the target​,' ahead of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to be held in Paris, France. The publication states that additional commitments contained in the UNCCD's Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) target − which envisages rehabilitating 12 million hectares of degraded land globally each year − could help close roughly 25% of the estimated emissions gap of 13 gigatonnes of equivalent CO2 (GtC02e), and amounts to “two-thirds of the expected emissions reduction pledges of all INDCs [Intended Nationally Determined Contributions] in the year 2030.”

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UNESCO Showcases Support to Climate Action, COP 21 [viewed]

UNESCONovember 2015: The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Task Force on COP 21 and Climate Change has released a short publication that outlines the Organization's contributions to addressing climate change. The publication also provides information on UNESCO events and initiatives in the run-up to, and during, the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC, which will take place in Paris, France, in November-December 2015.

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Climate Vulnerable Forum Issues Manila Communiqué [viewed]

Climate Vulnerable Forum11 November 2015: A meeting of 43 countries vulnerable to climate change concluded with the adoption of a call to "enshrine the critical goal of below 1.5°C together with a successive 5-year commitment cycle" in the Paris climate change agreement. The 20-member Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) convened its Sherpa Senior Officers' Meeting, with participation by 23 incoming members, to take stock of progress and prepare a common position ahead of the Paris Climate Change Conference.

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UNESCO Youth Forum Issues Recommendations on 2030 Agenda, Climate Change [viewed]

UNESCO6 November 2015: Participants at the Ninth UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Youth Forum, held on the theme ‘Young Global Citizens for a Sustainable Planet,' agreed on a series of recommendations on climate change and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Forum aimed to ensure that voices of future generations remain front and center in the 2030 Agenda.

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Arctic Council Working Group Assesses Methane Mitigation Benefits for Arctic Warming [viewed]

Arctic Council30 October 2015: The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), one of the six Working Groups of the Arctic Council, has released its assessment report on methane as a climate forcer. The report concludes that methane mitigation can complement action on carbon dioxide (CO2) mitigation in reducing Arctic warming, and contribute to reducing the potential of increased methane emissions from natural terrestrial and marine sources in the Arctic due to a warming climate.

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WMO Reports Record High Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Concentrations [viewed]

WMO9 November 2015: In the November 2015 edition of its Greenhouse Gas Bulletin, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) reports that the amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere reached another record high in 2014. It indicates that atmospheric CO2 concentrations reached 397.7 parts per million (ppm) in 2014, and that between 1990 and 2014, radiative forcing increased by 36% due to emissions from industrial, agricultural and domestic activities.

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FAO Reviews Assessment of Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture [viewed]

Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture6 November 2015: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) has released a technical study, titled 'Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture: Available Methodologies and their Relevance for the Sector,' which provides an overview of vulnerability assessment methodologies and their application in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.

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New Climate Economy Highlights Benefits of Energy Efficiency Standards [viewed]

the_new_climate_economy5 November 2015: The New Climate Economy reports that raising energy efficiency standards around the world could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 6.9 gigatonnes carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO2e) per year by 2030. Exceeding the current annual emissions of the US, such reductions would also provide economic savings in appliances, buildings, industry and transport. The research appears in a working paper, titled ‘Raising Energy Efficiency Standards to the Global Best,' which provides recommendations for raising energy efficiency standards in G20 countries and globally.

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UNEP Emissions Gap Report: 2°C Goal Still Within Reach [viewed]

UNEP6 November 2015: The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has published its sixth edition of its 'Emissions Gap Report' ahead of the Paris Climate Change Conference. The report assesses the 119 intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) that have been submitted by 146 countries as of 1 October 2015, representing approximately 88% of global emissions. As previous editions, it then compares the resulting emission levels in 2030 with what is required by science to be on track towards the agreed target of a global average temperature increase below 2°C by 2100. The report notes that, while the implementation of INDCs will limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030, the expected Paris agreement can still encourage further action to achieve the 2°C goal.

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