Science, Assessment & Monitoring

This section relates to the scientific analysis, research and predictions about the magnitude of the impact of many effects of a changing global climate. It covers issues related to climate science and the assessment and monitoring of climate variability.

AMCEN Session Launches Reports on Biodiversity, Climate Change, Mountains, South-South Cooperation [viewed]

amcen_unep4 March 2015: A series of reports launched at the 15th session of the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment (AMCEN) address: biodiversity decline; progress toward the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Aichi Targets in Africa; development, food security and livelihoods in mountain communities; achievements from the China-Africa Cooperation Programme; climate change adaptation; and youth.

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Event: Indicators and Data for Climate Resilient Development: From Data to Information and Knowledge to Policy Actions [viewed]

This workshop aims to identify a core set of indicators and data sets for gauging climate resilient development to enable measurement in areas such as natural hazards, vulnerability, adaptive capacity, mitigation, resilience and development. Key topics for discussion include: vulnerability to climate change, adaptive capacity and resilience; targets and indicators post 2015; development; and natural hazards related to climate change. The European Commission's (EC) Joint Research Centre Institute for Environment and Sustainability (JRC-IES) and the Climate Change Unit of the Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO C2) are organizing the workshop as part of efforts by the Global Climate Change Alliance's Flagship Initiative (GCCA+) to strengthen policy dialogue and cooperation on climate change issues.  

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UK Government Responds to EAC Review, Clarifies Positions on Post-2015 Agenda [viewed]

Flag UK10 February 2015: The UK Government published a response to the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee's (EAC) report on recommended actions and support for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In its responses, the Government explains and reiterates its position on the proposed SDGs, also addressing: natural capital accounts; climate change and the SDGs; energy subsidies; poverty and trade; air pollution; resource efficiency and the circular economy; forest indicators; biodiversity funding and support for marine protected areas (MPAs); and education and youth engagement in the SDGs.

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IPCC-41 Discusses Future Work, Measures to Involve Experts from Developing Countries [viewed]

ipcc4127 February 2015: The 41st session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-41) addressed issues related to the future work of the IPCC, including consideration of the recommendations by the Task Group on the Future Work of the IPCC, and a decision on size, structure and composition of the IPCC Bureau and any Task Force Bureau.

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February 2015 Climate Finance Update [viewed]

afdb_eib_idb_cif_wbank and_citiFebruary 2015: During February 2015, the African Development Bank (AfDB), the European Investment Bank (EIB), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the World Bank and the Citi corporation reported on funding and new financial instruments. IDB, the Climate Investment Funds (CIF) and the World Bank launched publications on, inter alia, climate resilience, green growth and carbon pricing, and reported on a regional event in Asia.

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UNEP Report Discloses the UN's 2013 GHG Emissions [viewed]

UNEP26 February 2015: The UN emitted about 1.7 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2013, according to ‘Moving Towards a Climate Neutral UN: The UN System's Footprint and Efforts to Reduce It.' The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) report reflects system-wide progress in implementing the UN's Climate Neutral Strategy, which requires UN bodies to estimate their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, reduce their emissions and analyze the cost implications of purchasing carbon offsets as they move towards climate neutrality.

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CDM Methodologies to be Developed for Aviation, Renewable Energy, Electrification and Household Energy Supply [viewed]

UNFCCC20 February 2015: The Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has confirmed that CDM project participants and coordinating/managing entities (CMEs) may wish to take on voluntary monitoring of sustainable development co-benefits of CDM project activities and programmes of activities (PoAs) in a manner determined in their own judgement.

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CCAC Meeting Opens in Kathmandu, Welcomes New Members [viewed]

photo_meeting_ccac_201524 February 2015: The Working Group meeting of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) opened in Kathmandu, Nepal, welcoming two new partners to the network, which now includes 103 State and non-State members.

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World Bank Calls for Systematic Approach to Air Quality Management [viewed]

Worldbanklogo19 February 2015: A report examining the World Bank's activities in relation to air quality management and environmental health recommends a more systematic focus for enhanced impact. Drawing lessons from successful projects to date, the report calls for: better data and systematic monitoring of changes in air quality over time; an active dialogue with all stakeholders; integrated approaches; cross-sectoral involvement; and a combination of technical, policy and economic measures.

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Event: IUSS Conference on Soil Functions and Climate Change [viewed]

This International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) conference, which is organized under the auspices of the International Year of Soils 2015 and the 350th Anniversary of the Christian Albrechts University, will address the broad question: 'Do we underestimate the consequences of new disequilibria in soil properties?'. Titled SUSTAIN, the conference aims to increase understanding of how interactions among physical, chemical and biological soil processes under different land-use systems and climate conditions will alter soil properties. One of the goals of the conference is to define "the boundary conditions for reliable predictions in a changing environment," by exploring prediction model input parameters that can enable a reliable analysis of soil and environmental properties and functions. Specific topics to be covered include: soil structure and pore rigidity effects as prerequisites for quantification of physico-chemical processes; effects of pore rigidity and soil resilience on physical, chemical and biological soil properties and functions; feedback mechanisms between soil structure formation and plant growth, groundwater and atmosphere; and innovative modeling approaches to predict how climate change affects sinks and sources of atmospheric carbon.  

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