Science, Assessment & Monitoring

This section relates to the scientific analysis, research and predictions about the magnitude of the impact of many effects of a changing global climate. It covers issues related to climate science and the assessment and monitoring of climate variability.

UNEP, UN-REDD Programme Address Bank and Investor Risk Policies on Soft Commodities [viewed]

banking_on_redd29 July 2015: The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has released a report, titled 'Bank and Investor Risk Policies for Soft Commodities,' along with an accompanying Soft Commodities Forest-risk Assessment Tool addressing deforestation and forest degradation risk in the agricultural value chain. A UN Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD) information brief, titled 'Banking on REDD+: Can Bank and Investor Risk Policies on Soft Commodities Benefit REDD+?' was produced in parallel.

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Pacific Islands, Partners to Strengthen Weather and Climate Services [viewed]

wmo-sprep25 July 2015: The Third Pacific Meteorological Council (PMC-3), which met under the theme 'Sustainable Weather and Climate Services for a Resilient Pacific,' brought together over 100 Pacific Meteorological Directors, partners and stakeholders to discuss how to strengthen meteorology in the Pacific. The meeting, which convened from 20-23 July 2015, in Nuku'alofa, Tonga, preceded the first Pacific Ministers Meeting on Meteorology (PMMM) on 24 July.

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ITTO Releases 2014 Annual Report [viewed]

IttoJuly 2015: The International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) has published its annual report, highlighting progress achieved in 2014 through field projects, policy work and research. The publication summarizes the adoption of the Voluntary Guidelines for the Sustainable Management of Natural Tropical Forest, the release of the 'Rewarding the Service Providers' policy brief, and the organization of the International Forum on Payments for Environmental Services of Tropical Forests, among other activities.

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Montreal Protocol Inches Closer to Negotiations on HFC Phase-down [viewed]

iisdrs-oewg3624 July 2015: The 36th meeting of the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG 36) of the parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (MP) devoted most of its time to addressing hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), a group of greenhouse gases (GHG) widely used in the refrigeration, air conditioning, foam and aerosol sector as a substitute for ozone-depleting substances (ODS).

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CIFOR Reports: Mangroves Essential for Mitigating Climate Change [viewed]

CIFOR28 July 2015: Scientists from the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and its partners have determined that Indonesia could significantly reduce global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by halting the practice of clearing mangroves, which emits 190 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-eq) each year. Their findings, which highlight mangroves as globally-significant carbon sinks, are published in the journal Nature Climate Change.

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UNISDR Spearheads Training for Local Governments on Sendai Framework for DRR [viewed]

UNISDRS24 July 2015: The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) has begun training programmes for local governments, focusing on developing strategies based on action priorities outlined in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), agreed in March 2015, which emphasizes the role of local governments in achieving DRR and a reduction in the loss of lives, livelihoods and health over the next 15 years.

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WMO Calls for Comments on Draft 2015 GCOS Status Report [viewed]

GCOS24 July 2015: The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has announced that the draft 2015 Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Status Report, which assesses the adequacy of the global observing systems for climate, is open for public review. The report will be submitted to GCOS's sponsoring organizations, as well as Parties to the UNFCCC, who in November 2012 invited the GCOS Secretariat to prepare such an assessment.

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Researchers Report Increased Arctic Sea Ice Volume [viewed]

20 July 2015: In an article titled 'Increased Arctic Sea Ice Volume after Anomalously Low Melting in 2013,' researchers report that the volume of Arctic sea ice increased by around a third after an unusually cool summer in 2013, which, they say, suggests that Arctic sea ice might be more resilient than previously thought.

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UNECE Calls for Comments on Draft CCS Specifications [viewed]

UNECE8 July 2015: The UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) has announced that a draft document, titled 'Specifications for the Application of the UN Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Reserves and Resources 2009 (UNFC-2009) to Injection Projects for the Purpose of Geological Storage,' is open for public review. UNECE describes storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) as the "initial and main focus" of the specifications, although they potentially could be applied to other projects, such as storing natural gas.

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Major Economies Forum Discusses Elements of a Legally-Binding Climate Agreement [viewed]

mef19 July 2015: At its 22nd meeting, the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF) focused on issues related to the global climate change agreement that is expected to be adopted at the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC. The participating economies, mostly represented at the ministerial level, discussed their views on the legal form and contents of the agreement. Despite diverse positions on these aspects, the co-chairs called the meeting "productive" and "very constructive."

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