Science, Assessment & Monitoring

This section relates to the scientific analysis, research and predictions about the magnitude of the impact of many effects of a changing global climate. It covers issues related to climate science and the assessment and monitoring of climate variability.

Event: True-Up Period Review for Kyoto Protocol First Commitment Period [viewed]

During the true-up period review, the expert review teams (ERTs) will assess whether information submitted in true-up reports from Annex I Parties that are Parties to the Kyoto Protocol is: reported as mandated by the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to Kyoto Protocol (CMP); consistent with information contained in the compilation and accounting database (CAD) and the Party's registry; and free of problems or inconsistencies. The ERT will also assess whether the quantity of Kyoto Protocol units in the temporary certified emission reductions (tCER) and long-term certified emission reductions (lCER) replacement account equals the quantity of tCERs/lCERs in retirement and replacement accounts, and whether aggregate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the first commitment period (CP1) exceed the quantity of Kyoto Protocol units valid for CP1 in the retirement account.

The UNFCCC Secretariat is coordinating a comprehensive compliance assessment, of which the true-up period review is one step, on CP1 of the Kyoto Protocol and will publish a final report for each Party which had a CP1 target. During the true-up period, Annex I Parties had 100 days to make up any shortfall in meeting their emission reduction targets in CP1. The true-up period, lasting from 10 August - 18 November 2015, was established by Decision 27/CMP.1, which provides that, for the purpose of fulfilling their Kyoto Protocol emission reduction targets, Annex I Parties can continue to acquire emission reduction units, CERs, assigned amount units (AAUs) and removal units, up to the 100th day after the date set for the completion of the Article 8 expert review process for the last year of the commitment period.  

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Event: 42nd Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum [viewed]

The 42nd Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF 42), themed '2015 El Niño impacts and lessons learned in the Greater Horn of Africa,' will take place from 22-23 February 2016, in Kigali, Rwanda. GHACOF 42 will bring together a wide range of stakeholders, including climate scientists, researchers, applications experts from critical socioeconomic sectors, governmental and non-governmental organizations, decision makers and civil society representatives. Workshops will be held on agriculture and food security, water resources, disaster risk reduction (DRR) and health, among others. During the Forum, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC) will officially launch a live web-map to monitor climate and associated hazards in the Greater Horn of Africa region to improve accessibility to climate and hazard data. The Forum will be preceded by a capacity-building workshop for regional climate experts to be held at ICPAC, from 15-20 February 2016.  

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CIFOR and Partners Provide Insights on Gender and Climate Change [viewed]

CIFORDecember 2015: The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) has compiled and published a series of briefs titled 'Gender and Climate Change: Evidence and Experience' seeking to address gender and climate change policy issues by drawing on the experience of contributing partner organizations, including: CIFOR, Bioversity International, CARE International, the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the Global Greengrants Fund (GGF), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), UN Women, the UN Development Programme and UN Environment Programme (UNDP-UNEP) Poverty-Environment Initiative, and the Women's Environment & Development Organization (WEDO).

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IGAD, UNITAR, Norway Support Climate Hazards Monitoring in Greater Horn of Africa [viewed]

igad_unitar_norway27 January 2016: The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC) has published a live web-map to monitor climate and associated hazards in the Greater Horn of Africa region to improve accessibility to climate and hazard data. IGAD-ICPAC's comprehensive map includes information related to climate, flood hazard and changes in vegetation conditions.

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Event: International Symposium on Agricultural Biotechnologies [viewed]

Organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), the International Symposium on the Role of Agricultural Biotechnologies in Sustainable Food Systems and Nutrition will explore how the application of science and technology, particularly agricultural biotechnologies, can benefit smallholders in developing sustainable food systems and improving nutrition in the context of climate change. It aims to cover the wide spectrum of available biotechnologies, including microbial food fermentation, tissue culture in plants, reproductive technologies in livestock, use of molecular markers, genetic modification and other technologies. A high-level ministerial segment will take place on 16 February.  

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Event: First session of the Executive Council Working Group on WMO Strategic and Operational Planning [viewed]

This meeting of the first session of the Executive Council Working Group on World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Strategic and Operational Planning (WG/SOP) is expected to address: WMO strategic and budget planning, including the WMO Monitoring and Evaluation System; the role and operation of national meteorological and hydrological services; improving WMO processes, practices and governance; the Quality Management Framework; and progress in implementing the Madrid Action Plan and preparations for the Madrid+10 Conference in 2017. The Executive Council, which the WG/SOP will report to, is the WMO's executive body, which, inter alia: meets annually; implements Congress decisions; coordinates programmes; examines use of budgetary resources; provides technical information, counsel and assistance in the WMO's fields; and acts on matters affecting international meteorology.  

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January 2016 Climate Finance Update [viewed]

finace_climateFebruary 2016: During the month of January, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investment Bank (EIB), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the World Bank and the Adaptation Fund, among others, reported on new funding approvals and other climate finance news. Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs), climate funds and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) launched publications on, inter alia, blended climate finance, climate co-finance tracking and climate risk management.

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UNISDR Conference Launches Science and Technology Partnership [viewed]

UNISDR29 January 2016: The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) convened the Science and Technology Conference on the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) 2015-2030, which aimed to harness the power of science and technology in implementing the Sendai Framework. The event opened with a tribute to the hundreds of scientists who have contributed their time to research climate change and its impacts.

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Global Forum Endorses Guiding Principles for Green Economy Learning [viewed]

unitar_page_oecd_green_unesco29 January 2016: The UN Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) has announced the outcomes of the First Global Forum on Green Economy Learning, including the adoption of the Paris Summary Statement on Learning for an Inclusive Green Economy (IGE). The Paris Statement outlines principles for: the meaning and value of IGE learning; increasing effectiveness and sustainability in IGE learning; promoting IGE learning at the national and local levels; and scaling up for impact.

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PROFOR Issues Update on Forest-Related Activities Funded in 2015 [viewed]

PROFORJanuary 2016: The Program on Forests (PROFOR) has issued an update on the activities it funded during 2015 across a wide range of countries, contexts and forest-related issues, including studies in Burkina Faso, El Salvador, Honduras and Lao PDR, a report on the political economy of decision-making in forestry, and a report on the principle of fair, prior and informed consent (FPIC).

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