Science, Assessment & Monitoring

This section relates to the scientific analysis, research and predictions about the magnitude of the impact of many effects of a changing global climate. It covers issues related to climate science and the assessment and monitoring of climate variability.

DCF Addresses Development Financing, Policy Instruments for 2030 Agenda, Paris Agreement [viewed]

ecosoc7022 July 2016: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on climate change will require “an unprecedented multilateral cooperation,” underlined participants at the UN Economic and Social Council's (ECOSOC) fifth biennial high-level meeting of the Development Cooperation Forum (DCF). During the two-day meeting, representatives from governments, UN agencies, and civil society discussed the role of various types of development financing and related policy changes necessary for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and other international agreements signed in 2015.

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Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: Climate Trends Break Records, DRR Efforts Focus on Human Health [viewed]

wmo_unisdr_unu_undp_unep_unfccc_iom27 July 2016: As global average temperatures reach unprecedented highs, climate change adaptation efforts around the globe concentrate on disaster risk management (DRM), public health issues, national adaptation planning and climate change-induced migration, among other issues. The recent developments reported in this Update contribute to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts), SDG 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages) and SDG target 10.7 on migration and mobility, including the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.

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IOC-UNESCO Assesses Status of LMEs and Open Oceans [viewed]

UNESCO IOC13 July 2016: Fifty percent of all fish stocks in large marine ecosystems (LMEs) are overexploited and 60% of the world's coral reefs are threatened by local activities, according to the findings of a series of assessments by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (IOC-UNESCO). The Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme (TWAP) carried out the global assessments of transboundary water systems around the world in LMEs and the open ocean.

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GCOS Implementation Plan 2016 to Open for Public Review [viewed]

GCOS WCRP logosJuly 2016: The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Programme's Implementation Plan will be open for public review from 25 July to 5 September 2016. The 2016 Plan, which is being prepared in consultation with the global climate scientific and observing community, will be presented to the Steering Committee for final endorsement and submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat on 10 October 2016. The GCOS Implementation Plan 2016 will then be submitted to the 45th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 45) under the UNFCCC in Marrakech, Morocco, in November 2016.

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Governments, Stakeholders Discuss Alignment of SDGs and Paris Agreement [viewed]

can_unngls_wri_aid13 July 2016: At a side event during the 2016 session of the UN High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF), representatives of governments, civil society and academia discussed ways to integrate climate change and sustainable development planning, by looking at both the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on climate change.

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Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: Regions Step up DRR Efforts and Resilience to El Niño, Human Mobility, Climate Change and Development Nexus Explored [viewed]

Adaptation_loss_and_damage30 June 2016: As May 2016 became the 13th consecutive month to break the global temperature records, the world's regions' need to adapt to the changing climate grew stronger. In 2015-2016, the periodic warming of the central to Eastern tropical Pacific, known as 'El Niño,' was the strongest since 1997-1998, causing some regions to receive more rain, and others to receive no precipitation. These changes impacted agriculture, food security and nutrition among the affected populations. During the past few weeks, the world's regions, States and sectors have redoubled adaptation efforts, focusing on building resilience and managing disaster risks. The news reported in this Update also demonstrate that the role of cooperation, innovation and knowledge dissemination in advancing climate change adaptation efforts cannot be underestimated.

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WMO to Strengthen Support for Climate Change, DRR and Sustainable Development Agreements [viewed]

WMO25 June 2016: The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) will strengthen its support for global agreements on climate change, disaster risk reduction (DRR) and sustainable development, following resolutions adopted by the 68th session of its Executive Council on, inter alia: reinforcing WMO climate programmes; strengthening work on high-impact weather research and forecasts; improving and extending polar research and observations to include high mountain regions; supporting ocean monitoring; and promoting modern aviation meteorology services.

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Mitigation Update: Solar and Wind Prices Plummet as Temperatures and Sea Levels Rise [viewed]

mitigation_update22 June 2016: The first five months of 2016 have served as a reminder of the urgency of mitigating climate change as each month, January-May, has set global temperature records, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). On 17 June, the WMO announced May's record, saying combined average temperature over land and ocean surfaces was 0.87°C above the 20th century average of 14.8°C. May is the 13th consecutive month to set a global temperature high.

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Bioversity International Coordinates Efforts to Save Pacific Coconut Diversity [viewed]

Bioversity International13 June 2016: Bioversity International, a member of the CGIAR Consortium, through its International Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT), has launched a project aiming to protect Pacific coconut diversity and associated livelihoods from the threat of genetic erosion through climate change and plant disease by establishing a new gene bank and germplasm collection in Papua New Guinea.

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Event: International Coral Reef Initiative General Assembly [viewed]

This meeting of the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) will address the degradation of coral reefs and related ecosystems around the world, including discussion of the status of coral reefs; the impacts of climate change on coral reefs; coral bleaching; and initiatives in the Indian Ocean region. The event marks the first meeting since France and Madagascar replaced Japan and Thailand as co-chairs of the ICRI Secretariat, on 1 June 2016. The event is expected to bring together governments, international organizations, scientific bodies and civil society.  

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