Oceans & Coasts

SBI, SBSTA and ADP Conclude in Paris, Drafts Forwarded to COP [viewed]

cop215 December 2015: On 4 December, the SBI and SBSTA concluded their work, but three items remained unresolved: the 2013-2015 review; capacity building under the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol; and impact of the implementation of response measures. On 5 December 2015, the ADP closed its work, adopted its conclusions, and forwarded the draft agreement and draft decision to the COP.

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Oceans Day Urges Single Climate-Ocean Agenda [viewed]

cop214 December 2015: Participants at the Paris Climate Change Conference Oceans Day urged that climate change and oceans be addressed as a "single agenda." They recommended ways to advance this agenda both within and outside the UNFCCC and welcomed actions through Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 13 and 14, on climate and oceans, respectively.

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Tonga Submits INDC [viewed]

tonga4 December 2015: The Kingdom of Tonga submitted its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC), on 4 December 2015, to the UNFCCC. Including Tonga, 186 Parties to the UNFCCC have formally submitted their INDCs.

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Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation, Other Commitments Announced [viewed]

unfccc_cop212 December 2015: National and local governments, river basin organizations, civil society and businesses announced the creation of coalitions and initiatives related to water and climate change at an event on ‘Water Resilience' under the Lima to Paris Action Agenda (LPAA), which is convening at the Paris Climate Change Conference. These initiatives include: the Paris Pact on Water and Adaptation, MegaCities Coalition on Water; Business Alliance for Water and Climate Change; Adaptation of the West African coastal areas; and Maritime Regions in Action against Climate Change.

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LPAA Agriculture Event Showcases Initiatives on Soils, Livestock, Food Waste and Production [viewed]

lpaa1 December 2015: A half-day event on agriculture took place under the Lima-Paris Action Agenda (LPAA) and as part of the Paris Climate Change Conference, presenting six cooperative initiatives to drive the growth of climate-resilient, productive and low-emissions agriculture. As the UNFCCC notes, agriculture is one of the sectors most seriously affected by extreme climate, but it also accounts for 24% of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that cause climate change.

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UN Secretary-General Launches Climate Resilience Initiative [viewed]

cop2130 November 2015: At the opening of the Paris Climate Change Conference, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced the launch of an initiative to build the resilience of the world's most vulnerable populations against impacts of climate change and natural disasters. Led by the Ban in collaboration with 13 UN entities, the initiative will enhance vulnerable populations' capacities to anticipate hazards, absorb shocks and reshape development to reduce risks.

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Paris Climate Change Conference Opens with Financial Pledges at Leaders Event [viewed]

iisdrs_cop2130 November 2015: Heads of State and Government attending the Leaders Event on the first day of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 21) addressed, inter alia: the inclusion of gender for ensuring climate justice; the importance of differentiation; the legal form of the agreement; the periodicity of the review process; transparency and accountability rules; whether or not to anchor loss and damage in a permanent mechanism; the role of natural capital accounting; the link between climate change and development; balancing mitigation and adaptation finance; technology transfer in providing mitigation support; and the need to address the degradation of forests, desertification, and biodiversity loss.

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WMO: 2015 Likely to be Warmest Year on Record [viewed]

WMO25 November 2015: The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has estimated that the world will have reached 1°C of warming above pre-industrial levels in 2015. The Organization predicts that the global average surface temperature in 2015 is likely to be the warmest on record, noting the cause as a combination of anthropogenic climate change and a strong El Niño. In addition, the years 2011-2015 make up the warmest five-year period ever recorded, according to the WMO.

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Bahrain, Cuba, the Federated States of Micronesia, Kuwait, South Sudan, Yemen Submit INDCs [viewed]

UNFCCC24 November 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Bahrain, Cuba, the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Kuwait, South Sudan and Yemen have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties that have made their submissions to 177.

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CBD Secretariat Reports on Priority Actions to Achieve Aichi Target on Coral Reefs [viewed]

aichi_biodiversityNovember 2015: The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has released a report, titled ‘Priority Actions to Achieve Aichi Biodiversity Target 10 for Coral Reefs and Closely Associated Ecosystems.' By 2015, Aichi Target 10 aims to minimize anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification, to maintain their integrity and function.

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