Oceans & Coasts

This section addresses issues related to the oceans as a carbon sink, as well as the interactions between climate change and oceans, such as carbon dioxide-driven acidification, increases in temperature, dwindling fish stocks, or the spread of invasive species. It also covers the consequences of these impacts on coastal areas and populations. The carbon storage in the ocean seabed and ocean fertilization is also included in this section.

IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee Approves Polar Code Provisions [viewed]

IMO20 October 2014: The 67th session of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has approved provisions of the draft International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (Polar Code), and adopted draft amendments to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL). The meeting also adopted resolutions supporting the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004 (BWM Convention), and considered a greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions study, energy efficiency in ships, and issues relating to fuel consumption and quality.

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Chairs Summarize Six Multi-Stakeholder Partnership Dialogues on SIDS [viewed]

sids-conference-20148 October 2014: The Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) included six multi-stakeholder partnership dialogues aimed at launching new partnerships, sharing successes, and documenting progress on key issues important to SIDS' sustainable development. Summaries from the dialogues' Chairs, issued as a UN General Assembly document of 8 October 2014, highlight the array of partnerships committed to at the conference.

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International Symposium Addresses Weather, Climate Extremes, Food Security and Biodiversity [viewed]

wmo-fao-georgemason24 October 2014: Organized by the George Mason University (GMU), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), in collaboration with 11 co-sponsors, the International Symposium on Weather and Climate Extremes, Food Security and Biodiversity has produced a final declaration, including a list of “salient recommendations” on the issues.

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Adaptation Fund Board Approves Six Projects Totaling US$33 Million [viewed]

Adaptation Fund10 October 2014: The Adaptation Fund Board (AFB) has announced it will fund six climate resilience projects, in Costa Rica, India, Kenya and South Africa. The decision represents a doubling in the direct access finance provided by the Fund. In addition, the Board approved almost US$150,000 in South-South grants to provide training on the Fund's accreditation process so that more countries will be able to take advantage of direct access finance.

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Senior Arctic Officials Prepare for Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting [viewed]

Arctic Council23 October 2014: The Senior Arctic Officials (SAOs) and Heads of Delegation of Indigenous Permanent Participant organizations of the Arctic Council met to assess overall progress toward the priorities set under the Canadian Chairmanship. SAO Chair, Vincent Rigby, noted that the productive meeting would yield a "rich set of recommendations" for the Arctic Council Ministers to consider. Notably, SAOs approved a report outlining concrete recommendations for reducing woodstove black carbon emissions.

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Event: Arctic Council: Senior Arctic Officials Meeting [viewed]

The Senior Arctic Officials (SAOs) of the Arctic Council will discuss progress toward the Council's priority objectives under Canada's chairmanship and review the Council's ongoing work. The SAOs will hear reports on and discuss, inter alia: the Arctic Contaminants Action Programme (ACAP) on the reduction of black carbon emissions from residential wood combustion; the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) on its assessments related to short-lived climate pollutants, human health, persistent organic pollutants, and radioactivity; the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF); the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) group's work on revisions to the Arctic Marine Strategic Plan; the Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG); and the Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR) group.  

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CBD COP 12 Commits to Funding Increase, Highlights Biodiversity's Contribution to Sustainable Development Agenda [viewed]

cop1217 October 2014: Held from 6-17 October 2014, in Pyeongchang, the Republic of Korea, the twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 12) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted a series of decisions, including the 'Pyeongchang roadmap for the enhanced implementation of the Strategic Plan and achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets,' addressing resource mobilization, capacity building, scientific and technical cooperation, linking biodiversity and poverty eradication, and monitoring implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020.

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UNEP-WCMC Study Predicts Climate Change will Drive Fish Towards the Poles [viewed]

Unep-Wcmc14 October 2014: A study on the impact of climate change on fish stocks by scientists from the UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) has identified ocean hotspots for fish extinction and a link between rising temperatures and fish movement. Using the climate change scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the study finds that fish could move away from their present-day habitats at rates of 16-26 km per decade.

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September 2014 Water Finance Update [viewed]

wb.adb.ebd.afdb.gefSeptember 2014: During the month of September, the World Bank, Global Environment Facility (GEF), Asian Development Bank (ADB), African Development Bank (AfDB) and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) issued loans and highlighted work to address water-related issues including: conserving aquatic biodiversity; improving climate resilience; expanding water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services; implementing integrated water resources management (IWRM); and reducing disaster risk from flood and drought.

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CBD Secretariat Releases Synthesis of Ocean Acidification Research [viewed]

CBD8 October 2014: The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has compiled recent research on ocean acidification into its Technical Series No. 75, titled 'An Updated Synthesis of the Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity.' The report synthesizes the best available knowledge on acidification, explaining that while the globe has experienced acidification before, the changes happening today are occurring faster than at any time in at least the last 66 million years.

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