Oceans & Coasts

This section addresses issues related to the oceans as a carbon sink, as well as the interactions between climate change and oceans, such as carbon dioxide-driven acidification, increases in temperature, dwindling fish stocks, or the spread of invasive species. It also covers the consequences of these impacts on coastal areas and populations. The carbon storage in the ocean seabed and ocean fertilization is also included in this section.

PACC Project Completes Climate-Reslient Harbor in Cook Islands [viewed]

PACC22 August 2014: The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) has reported that, as part of the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change Project (PACC), the Cook Islands have completed a climate-resilient harbor for the island of Mangaia. In addition, the tool developed to design the harbor can be used to design other coastal infrastructure in the Cook Islands.

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UNESCO World Heritage Paper Highlights SIDS' Cultural Heritage and Resources [viewed]

UNESCO25 August 2014: The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has published a paper on 'Safeguarding Precious Resources for Island Communities,' as a contribution to the International Year of Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The paper describes the evolution of the SIDS agenda, highlights SIDS in the World Heritage Convention (WHC) context, and includes seven thematic papers on shared concerns and challenges across SIDS, such as disaster risk management (DRM) and building resilience to climate change, land management and sustainable tourism.

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Adaptation Fund Approves Project in Belize, Accredits Namibian NIE [viewed]

Adaptation Fund19 August 2014: The Adaptation Fund has approved a US$6 million marine conservation and climate change adaptation project in Belize, and accredited the Desert Research Foundation of Namibia (DRFN) as a National Implementing Entity (NIE).

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ADB Assesses Climate Change Costs in South Asia [viewed]

ADB19 August 2014: The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has published a report, titled ‘Assessing the Costs of Climate Change and Adaptation in South Asia,' which predicts that by 2050, the collective economy of six countries - Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka - will see an average annual economic loss of around 1.8% of GDP by 2050 that could rise to 8.8% in 2100 if the “world continues on its current fossil fuel-intensive path.”

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DESA Analyzes SIDS Sustainable Development Trends [viewed]

DESAAugust 2014: Despite advances toward sustainable development, small island developing States (SIDS) continue to face many challenges, according to ‘Trends in Sustainable Development: SIDS,' a publication issued by the UN Department for Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) as an input to the Third International Conference on SIDS. The report assesses SIDS' progress in key sustainable development areas: climate change; demographics; energy; finance and trade; health and non-communicable diseases (NCDs); natural disaster management; oceans and seas; social development, including education, food security, gender equality and access to water and sanitation; tourism; and waste management.

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IFAD Recommends Global Response to Food Security [viewed]

IFAD18 August 2014: In advance of the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States (SIDS), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) has released an infographic, titled ‘Investing in Small Island Developing States,' and a publication, titled ‘IFAD's Approach in SIDS: A global response to island voices for food security.' These resources highlight SIDS' characteristics, show IFAD's strategic approaches to SIDS engagement, and propose moving towards “a global response to island voices for food security.”

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UNEP and Norway Sign Agreement on GRID-Arendal's 25th Anniversary [viewed]

UNEP GRID Arendal14 August 2014: On the occasion of GRID-Arendal's 25th anniversary, UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Executive Director, Achim Steiner, and Olav Orheim, Chairman of the Board of Directors of GRID-Arendal, signed a Programme Cooperation Agreement in which Norway renewed its contribution to UNEP's Programme of Work for 2014. The Agreement includes a commitment of US$16 million to UNEP, including US$1 million to support action on marine plastic debris and microplastics and US$500,000 to improve fish food security in West Africa.

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UNEP Foresight Report Identifies Emerging Issues for SIDS [viewed]

UNEPJune 2014: The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has published a report on priority issues for small island developing States (SIDS). ‘Emerging Issues for Small Island Developing States: Results of the UNEP Foresight Process' is one of UNEP's contributions to the Third International SIDS Conference convening in Apia, Samoa, in September 2014, and it is aligned with one of the thematic issues of the Conference: “identify new and emerging challenges and opportunities for the sustainable development of SIDS and ways and means to address them.”

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WMO Launches SIDS Website [viewed]

WMOAugust 2014: The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has launched a small island developing States (SIDS) website to highlight its work with SIDS, given that they are low-lying and vulnerable to weather- and climate-related hazards, such as tropical cyclones, floods and droughts.

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EEA Updates Climate Change Indicators [viewed]

EEA6 August 2014: The European Environment Agency (EEA) has published 13 climate change indicators, updating information included in its 2012 assessment 'Climate Change, Impacts and Vulnerability in Europe.' According to EEA, the period 2004-2013 was Europe's warmest decade on record, and many global trends, such as sea level rise, warming oceans, and shrinking snow cover, are having significant impacts on the continent.

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