Oceans & Coasts

This section addresses issues related to the oceans as a carbon sink, as well as the interactions between climate change and oceans, such as carbon dioxide-driven acidification, increases in temperature, dwindling fish stocks, or the spread of invasive species. It also covers the consequences of these impacts on coastal areas and populations. The carbon storage in the ocean seabed and ocean fertilization is also included in this section.

Senior Arctic Officials Prepare for Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting [viewed]

Arctic Council23 October 2014: The Senior Arctic Officials (SAOs) and Heads of Delegation of Indigenous Permanent Participant organizations of the Arctic Council met to assess overall progress toward the priorities set under the Canadian Chairmanship. SAO Chair, Vincent Rigby, noted that the productive meeting would yield a "rich set of recommendations" for the Arctic Council Ministers to consider. Notably, SAOs approved a report outlining concrete recommendations for reducing woodstove black carbon emissions.

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Event: Arctic Council: Senior Arctic Officials Meeting [viewed]

The Senior Arctic Officials (SAOs) of the Arctic Council will discuss progress toward the Council's priority objectives under Canada's chairmanship and review the Council's ongoing work. The SAOs will hear reports on and discuss, inter alia: the Arctic Contaminants Action Programme (ACAP) on the reduction of black carbon emissions from residential wood combustion; the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) on its assessments related to short-lived climate pollutants, human health, persistent organic pollutants, and radioactivity; the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF); the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) group's work on revisions to the Arctic Marine Strategic Plan; the Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG); and the Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR) group.  

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CBD COP 12 Commits to Funding Increase, Highlights Biodiversity's Contribution to Sustainable Development Agenda [viewed]

cop1217 October 2014: Held from 6-17 October 2014, in Pyeongchang, the Republic of Korea, the twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 12) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted a series of decisions, including the 'Pyeongchang roadmap for the enhanced implementation of the Strategic Plan and achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets,' addressing resource mobilization, capacity building, scientific and technical cooperation, linking biodiversity and poverty eradication, and monitoring implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020.

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UNEP-WCMC Study Predicts Climate Change will Drive Fish Towards the Poles [viewed]

Unep-Wcmc14 October 2014: A study on the impact of climate change on fish stocks by scientists from the UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) has identified ocean hotspots for fish extinction and a link between rising temperatures and fish movement. Using the climate change scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the study finds that fish could move away from their present-day habitats at rates of 16-26 km per decade.

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September 2014 Water Finance Update [viewed]

wb.adb.ebd.afdb.gefSeptember 2014: During the month of September, the World Bank, Global Environment Facility (GEF), Asian Development Bank (ADB), African Development Bank (AfDB) and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) issued loans and highlighted work to address water-related issues including: conserving aquatic biodiversity; improving climate resilience; expanding water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services; implementing integrated water resources management (IWRM); and reducing disaster risk from flood and drought.

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CBD Secretariat Releases Synthesis of Ocean Acidification Research [viewed]

CBD8 October 2014: The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has compiled recent research on ocean acidification into its Technical Series No. 75, titled 'An Updated Synthesis of the Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity.' The report synthesizes the best available knowledge on acidification, explaining that while the globe has experienced acidification before, the changes happening today are occurring faster than at any time in at least the last 66 million years.

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Asia-Pacific Forum Fosters Partnerships for Climate Resilience [viewed]

apan4 October 2014: The Fourth Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum, which convened under the theme ‘Fostering strong partnerships to build a climate resilient Asia Pacific,' brought together over 600 scientists, government officials, representatives from civil society organizations, the private sector and donor agencies from more than 30 countries to come up with innovative solutions to address the impacts of climate change.

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UNGA Debate Concludes with Focus on 2015 Agreement, Link to Sustainable Development [viewed]

unga6930 September 2014: On the final day of the UN General Assembly's (UNGA) 69th General Debate, speakers again addressed: their countries priorities for the post-2015 development agenda; climate change; health; and security. Closing the Debate on 30 September, UNGA President Sam Kutesa urged Member States to “make real and meaningful change in the livelihoods of humanity and the health of our planet.”

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Blue Carbon Initiative Helps Assess Coastal Ecosystems Carbon Stocks [viewed]

thebluecarboninitiativeSeptember 2014: The Blue Carbon Initiative, co-led by Conservation International (CI), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Intergovernmental Oceanic Commission (IOC) of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), has produced a manual, titled ‘Coastal Blue Carbon: Methods for assessing carbon stocks and emissions factors in mangroves, tidal salt marshes, and seagrass meadows.'

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UNEP Calls for Action on Mangroves [viewed]

UNEP29 September 2014: On the occasion of the 16th Global Meeting of the Regional Seas Conventions and Action Plans, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has issued a report, titled 'The Importance of Mangroves to People: A Call to Action.' The report details the economic and environmental importance of mangroves, as well as tools and policy measures available for protecting them.

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