Oceans & Coasts

This section addresses issues related to the oceans as a carbon sink, as well as the interactions between climate change and oceans, such as carbon dioxide-driven acidification, increases in temperature, dwindling fish stocks, or the spread of invasive species. It also covers the consequences of these impacts on coastal areas and populations. The carbon storage in the ocean seabed and ocean fertilization is also included in this section.

IMO Approves Mandatory Fuel Consumption Data Collection for Ships [viewed]

imo_mandatoryfuelconsumption22 April 2016: In a step toward determining what possible climate change actions are needed from the international shipping sector, the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has approved a mandatory system for collecting data on ships' fuel consumption. Ships of 5,000 gross tonnage or more will have to record and report their consumption for every type of fuel they use to their flag State at the end of the calendar year. The flag State will determine whether the reporting meets requirements, issue a Statement of Compliance to the ship and transfer the data to the IMO Ship Fuel Consumption Database.

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Implementation Update: As Governments Prepare for Paris Agreement Signing Ceremony, Carbon Pricing in the Spotlight [viewed]

paris_agreement_ceremony21 April 2016: In the lead up to the Paris Agreement on climate change Signing Ceremony, various events have added to the growing momentum of what is expected to be one of the largest ever signing events. In the shadow of the announcement by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) that March 2016 recorded the highest combined global average temperature of any March since 1880, the growing number of countries expected to sign the Paris Agreement on 22 April is also on track to set a record. This Implementation Update summarizes activities by UNFCCC Parties as they focus on mitigating and adapting to these warming trends, especially following the adoption in 2015 of the Paris Agreement and in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It includes: recent buzz around market mechanisms, carbon pricing and scaling private sector involvement; the growing impetus ahead of the High Level Signing Ceremony; an outlook to the May session of the UNFCCC; good news about European cars; and Fiji's post-disaster recovery efforts.

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China, India, Russia Reaffirm Commitment to SDGs, Climate Change [viewed]

india_china_russia19 April 2016: The foreign ministers of China, India and the Russian Federation reaffirmed their commitment to implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement on climate change, in a Joint Communiqué. The Ministers agreed on the need to further strengthen cooperation on global and regional issues while respecting independent choices of development path and social systems by people of all countries.

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Event: FishAdapt: Global Conference on Climate Change Adaptation for Fisheries and Aquaculture [viewed]

Held immediately following the 11th Asian Fisheries and Aquaculture Forum and the 6th Global Symposium on Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries, which will convene in Bangkok from 3-7 August, this conference aims to provide a forum to share practical experiences in understanding the vulnerabilities associated with climate change and the development of risk management and adaptation strategies in the aquaculture and fisheries sector. It is organized by the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific, in association with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Governments of Japan, Norway, Thailand and the US and several collaborating organizations.  

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IPCC Plans Special Reports on a 1.5°C Limit, Land Use and Oceans During AR6 Cycle [viewed]

ipcc4313 April 2016: During the 43rd session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-43), the Panel considered its role in supporting the implementation of the Paris Agreement as the IPCC embarks on its sixth assessment cycle. In planning for the cycle, the IPCC decided to undertake three special reports (SRs), flag cities as an SR for the seventh assessment report (AR7) cycle, refine the IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventories through a methodology report and integrate regional aspects more thoroughly into AR6. It was also announced that Abdalah Mokssit (Morocco) will be the next IPCC Secretary.

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Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: Adaptation Committee and LDC Expert Group Begin Work under Paris Mandate, Climate Change Adaptation, DRR and Sustainable Development Interlinkages Come to the Fore [viewed]

unfccc_unu_undp_une-_wcmc9 April 2016: Alongside the long-term goal of limiting temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels by 2100, the Paris Agreement on climate change includes a long-term adaptation goal, namely that of "enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal." Furthermore, the vast majority of national climate plans submitted in advance of Paris (or Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)) included descriptions of countries' adaptation goals, priorities, actions and needs. This Adaptation Update is the first in a series that aims to track the implementation of the adaptation component of these INDCs, and progress towards the long-term adaptation goal of the Paris Agreement. The activities reported in this Update also contribute to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts), as well as SDG 1 (End poverty in all its forms everywhere), SDG 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls) and SDG 10 (Reduce inequality within and among countries).

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Event: Oceans and Climate Meeting in Preparation for Oceans Day at UNFCCC COP 22 [viewed]

This is the third in a series of initial discussion meetings on oceans and climate change, which aim to: prioritize actions to be undertaken during the next 12 months to advance specific aspects of the oceans and climate agenda; help mobilize a group of high-level leaders on oceans and climate to provide the necessary political impetus and support; consider which collaborating organizations have the comparative advantage and willingness to take the lead on specific priority actions; and initiate work with the Government of Morocco and others to ensure oceans issues are prominent at the 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) to the UNFCCC, in particular, through the convening of Oceans Day. Priority actions will draw from recommendations on oceans and climate related to mitigation, adaptation, displacement, financing, and capacity development, laid out at Oceans Day during UNFCCC COP 21.  

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Event: Oceans and Climate Meeting in Preparation for Oceans Day at UNFCCC COP 22 [viewed]

This meeting will convene on the sidelines of the first meeting of the Preparatory Committee on an international legally binding instrument on biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ). It is part of a series of initial discussion meetings on oceans and climate change, which aim to: prioritize actions to be undertaken during the next 12 months to advance specific aspects of the oceans and climate agenda; help mobilize a group of high-level leaders on oceans and climate to provide the necessary political impetus and support; consider which collaborating organizations have the comparative advantage and willingness to take the lead on specific priority actions; and initiate work with the Government of Morocco and others to ensure oceans issues are prominent at the 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) to the UNFCCC, in particular, through the convening of Oceans Day. Priority actions will draw from recommendations on oceans and climate related to mitigation, adaptation, displacement, financing, and capacity development, laid out at Oceans Day during UNFCCC COP 21.  

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Indian Ocean Commission Develops Climate Change Adaptation Plan [viewed]

IOC29 March 2016: The Indian Ocean Commission (IOC), under the guidance of its member States, has announced its upcoming adoption of an action plan for operationalizing its regional adaptation strategy from 2016-2020, pointing to the climate change vulnerabilities of the southwest Indian Ocean island States. The plan will aim to identify the specific vulnerabilities of member States, support them in their adaptation actions and realize the measures set forth in their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) to the UNFCCC.

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Arctic Council Addresses Climate Change, Resilience [viewed]

Arctic Council17 March 2016: A Senior Arctic Officials' (SAO) Meeting of the Arctic Council (AC) focused on, among other issues, two cross-cutting themes, namely climate change and resilience, and future AC's work on oil and gas. In particular, the AC considered: the potential effects of the Paris Agreement on future work of the Council; reducing emissions of short-lived climate pollutants, such as black carbon and methane (BCM), also in the oil and gas sector; and operationalizing the One Health initiative of the AC's Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG).

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