Land

High-level Ministerial Roundtable to Address Climate Change at UNCCD COP 12 [viewed]

turkish_delegation_csts410 March 2015: At a side event during the fourth special session of the Committee on Science and Technology (CST S-4) of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Monique Barbut, UNCCD Executive Secretary, underlined the importance of the high-level segment of the twelfth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 12). The high-level segment, which will take place from 20-21 October 2015, will include a series of ministerial roundtables on topics including climate change, and is expected to result in a message that will be sent from UNCCD COP 12 to the UNFCCC COP 21, which will convene a little over one month later in Paris, France.

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CGIAR Members, Partners Establish Climate Research Centers in Africa [viewed]

logos_cifor_itta11 March 2015: The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and Germany's Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have announced the establishment of the Congo Basin's first center for excellence in climate change research. A greenhouse gas (GHG) laboratory was established in Yaoundé, Cameroon, in 2014 and represents the beginning of the partners' effort to develop a network of expertise and facilities to strengthen climate change research across Africa.

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Global Land Outlook Discussed on Sidelines of UNCCD 3rd Scientific Conference [viewed]

CST S-4 & UNCCD 3rd Scientific Conference10 March 2015: The 'Global Land Outlook' (GLO), to be produced every four years, will be a flagship publication seeking to provide “a strong, politically relevant, but analytical base for determining the future course of land degradation and sustainable land management across the globe,” said UNCCD Executive Secretary Monique Barbut at an event discussing the anticipated publication.

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EU Submits INDC, Reports on State of Europe's Environment [viewed]

ec6 March 2015: The EU has submitted its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC Secretariat, the second party to do so after Switzerland. The contribution, approved by the Environment Council, indicates that the EU intends to achieve at least a 40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions below 1990 levels by 2030, in line with the EU 2030 Climate and Energy Framework, which was agreed by the European Council in October 2014.

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AMCEN Session Launches Reports on Biodiversity, Climate Change, Mountains, South-South Cooperation [viewed]

amcen_unep4 March 2015: A series of reports launched at the 15th session of the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment (AMCEN) address: biodiversity decline; progress toward the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Aichi Targets in Africa; development, food security and livelihoods in mountain communities; achievements from the China-Africa Cooperation Programme; climate change adaptation; and youth.

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SOER 2015 Highlights Challenges in Achieving European Environment Goals [viewed]

EEA2 March 2015: “The level of ambition of existing environmental policy may be inadequate to achieve Europe's long-term environmental goals,” according to ‘The European environment - state and outlook 2015 - synthesis report' (SOER 2015). The report finds that the region faces substantial challenges in protecting its natural capital, stimulating resource-efficient, low carbon economic and social development, and safeguarding its population from environmental health risks. The European Environment Agency (EEA) produces the SOER every five years.

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Switzerland Submits First INDC, Aims to Reduce Emissions 50% by 2030 [viewed]

flag switzerland27 February 2015: The Government of Switzerland has become the first party to the UNFCCC to announce its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC). The INDC states that the country will reduce emissions 50% below 1990 levels by 2030, with 30% of those reductions achieved within its borders. The remaining reductions may be attained via projects completed abroad, according to the contribution.

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Event: IUSS Conference on Soil Functions and Climate Change [viewed]

This International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) conference, which is organized under the auspices of the International Year of Soils 2015 and the 350th Anniversary of the Christian Albrechts University, will address the broad question: 'Do we underestimate the consequences of new disequilibria in soil properties?'. Titled SUSTAIN, the conference aims to increase understanding of how interactions among physical, chemical and biological soil processes under different land-use systems and climate conditions will alter soil properties. One of the goals of the conference is to define "the boundary conditions for reliable predictions in a changing environment," by exploring prediction model input parameters that can enable a reliable analysis of soil and environmental properties and functions. Specific topics to be covered include: soil structure and pore rigidity effects as prerequisites for quantification of physico-chemical processes; effects of pore rigidity and soil resilience on physical, chemical and biological soil properties and functions; feedback mechanisms between soil structure formation and plant growth, groundwater and atmosphere; and innovative modeling approaches to predict how climate change affects sinks and sources of atmospheric carbon.  

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International Forum Urges Adoption of Climate-Smart Agriculture, Agro-Ecology [viewed]

logo_french_agricultural20 February 2015: Speaking at the International Forum on Agriculture and Climate Change, which was organized by the Government of France as the first in a series of events leading up to the December 2015 climate change conference, José Graziano da Silva, Director-General of Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), urged a “paradigm shift” in agriculture. He described today's predominant model of agricultural production as “not suitable for the new food security challenges of the 21st century.”

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Guest Article #126: Connecting the Dots Between Development, Biodiversity, and Climate Change [viewed]

Last fall, two major international meetings on intertwined topics, biodiversity and climate change, occurred back-to-back. In Pyeongchang, Republic of Korea, the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at its 12th session adopted several decisions on climate change and biodiversity, including targets for restoring and conserving ecosystems as a safeguard against climate change impacts.

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