Land

It is projected that climate change will add to the existing problems of land degradation and desertification, and affect land through drought, flooding and other impacts. In addition, when the land is degraded, it emits more greenhouse gases and in turn exacerbates climate change. This section covers issues related to the relationship between these two phenomena, and the role of soil in climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Study Provides Valuation of Benefits of Indonesian Forests [viewed]

unorcid8 July 2015: A report undertaken by the UN Office for REDD+ Coordination in Indonesia (UNORCID) concluded that an additional US$600 million annually is needed to maintain current Indonesian forest cover and enable forests to deliver critical ecosystem services, with REDD+ acting as a catalyst for the rehabilitation of forest and forest ecosystem services.

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Civil Society Reflects on FfD3, Issues Recommendations on Post-2015 Agenda [viewed]

post2015July 2015: Civil society organizations have responded to the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development (FfD3), and have released responses and summaries to the draft outcome document for the UN summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda. Responses address, inter alia: areas of consensus and disagreement on the post-2015 draft; recommendations on improving text related to inequality, climate change, energy, land and other topics; data challenges; the translation of discourse into policy; education; and the role of business.

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Marshall Islands Submits INDC [viewed]

marshall-flag21 July 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has announced that the Marshall Islands is the first small island developing State (SIDS) Party to formally submit its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC), which sets out a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction target of 32% below 2010 levels by 2025. The INDC also includes an indicative target of reducing emissions 45% below 2010 levels by 2030. The submission from the Marshall Islands brings the total number of Parties to submit an INDC to 48.

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European Environment and Space Agencies Sign MoU on Earth Observation [viewed]

eea-esa15 July 2015: Under a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Space Agency (ESA), the two agencies have agreed to exchange scientific expertise and technical information to strengthen work on Earth observation and environmental monitoring. Coming into effect immediately, the MoU will promote joint activities and mutual access to data.

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UNFCCC, UNCCD and UNEP Highlight Development Benefits of Linking Land and Climate Agendas [viewed]

unfccc_unccd_unep13 July 2015: In their joint op-ed, titled 'The Land Battle for Sustainable Development,' Monique Barbut, Executive Secretary of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and Achim Steiner, Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), underscore the "huge, largely untapped potential for rapid gains in both the fight against climate change and efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals [SDGs].”

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OECD, IEA, NEA, ITF Report Identifies Policies Misaligned with a Low-Carbon Economy [viewed]

low_carbon_economy3 July 2015: A report titled 'Aligning Policies for a Low-Carbon Economy' identifies current policy and regulatory frameworks that are not in line with creating a low-carbon economy. The report focuses on contradictory public policies, such as those that encourage investment in fossil fuels and work against global goals on climate change. It examines the policy domains of investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade and adaptation, as well as sectors greatly impacting the climate such as electricity, urban mobility and rural land use.

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UNEP, CIFOR Publications Focus on REDD+ in Tanzania [viewed]

forests_ecosystemsJuly 2015: A report undertaken by the Tanzania Forest Services, in collaboration with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) under the UN-REDD Programme, provides an economic rationale for Tanzania to invest in more sustainable use and conservation of its forest assets. Tanzania is the also focus of a publication by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), which outlines the rules and choices to be addressed by participatory countries in REDD+ activities and shows potential technical problems and related options.

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Event: 2nd Africa Food Security and Adaptation Conference (AFSAC2) [viewed]

This conference will convene under the theme ‘Africa's Soil the New Frontier: Re-imagining Africa Food Security Now and into the Future under a Changing Climate'. The conference will explore how to sustainably tap into soil, one of Africa's key resources, in order to enhance food security and climate change resilience, while creating new employment opportunities for the continent's increasing youth population. Specific sessions will address a range of strategies to promote and transform ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA) driven agriculture in Africa, including how to: build scalable and inclusive business models; tap into innovative financing; involve women and youth more effectively; harness education, information and communication technology, and data; scale up EBA extension and knowledge services; incentivize private sector involvement; and contribute to increased South-South cooperation and capacity building. Building on the thematic discussions, the conference will focus on how to maximize policy frameworks and develop an action plan for implementing and scaling up EBA approaches and agro-value chains across Africa.

The conference is co-organized by the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP), the Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN (FAO) and the African Union Commission (AUC), in collaboration with a range of partners from UN Agencies, international research and policy organizations, civil society networks and the private sector.  

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IFAD, CCAFS Outline Smallholder Farmers' Role in Reducing Emissions [viewed]

ifad-ccafs8 July 2015: The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) have released the 'Mitigation Advantage Report' at Our Common Future Under Climate Change Science Conference held by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in Paris, France.

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New Zealand Submits INDC [viewed]

new-zealand7 July 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has announced that New Zealand is the 46th Party to formally submit its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC), committing to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. According to the INDC, the target corresponds to a reduction of 11% from 1990 emissions, which will be used as the formal reference level.

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