Land

It is projected that climate change will add to the existing problems of land degradation and desertification, and affect land through drought, flooding and other impacts. In addition, when the land is degraded, it emits more greenhouse gases and in turn exacerbates climate change. This section covers issues related to the relationship between these two phenomena, and the role of soil in climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Guest Article #139: Building Climate Resilience through Technology Transfer and Innovation [viewed]

The recent historic agreement achieved at COP 21 in Paris resulted in unprecedented momentum for tackling climate change – including scaling up action on climate change adaptation. Climate resilience on a wide scale can only be achieved with the engagement of the private sector. While climate change affects all parts of the world, developing countries are particularly vulnerable. Technology transfer is therefore believed to be key in supporting countries to improve their resilience.

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January 2016 Climate Finance Update [viewed]

finace_climateFebruary 2016: During the month of January, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investment Bank (EIB), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the World Bank and the Adaptation Fund, among others, reported on new funding approvals and other climate finance news. Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs), climate funds and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) launched publications on, inter alia, blended climate finance, climate co-finance tracking and climate risk management.

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State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources Report Urges Action to Conserve Livestock Diversity for Resilient Agriculture [viewed]

fao_headquarters27 January 2016: 'The Second Report on the State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture' (SoW-AnGR), published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), underlines the key importance of livestock diversity for adapting production systems to the impacts of climate change and meeting global challenges such as increasing demand for animal protein. The report finds that global livestock diversity remains at risk, and calls for stronger efforts to conserve the existing pool of animal genetic resources.

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FAO Presents Tools for Gender Integration into Climate-smart Agriculture [viewed]

fao_headquartersJanuary 2016: Researchers of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) have published a paper summarizing methods to analyze gender-differentiated impacts of climate-smart agriculture (CSA). The paper, titled 'Gender Integration into Climate-smart Agriculture: Tools for Data Collection and Analysis for Policy Research,' aims to enhance the understanding of gender-related determinants of outcomes and facilitate the development of effective interventions that improve gender equality.

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FAO Provides Guidance on Sustainable Intensification of Cereal Production [viewed]

fao_headquartersJanuary 2016: A guide published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) provides an overview of the FAO's model of ecosystem-based agriculture, called 'Save and Grow,' and presents case studies of its application around the world. The model is used to increase cereal yields while rendering production systems more sustainable and resilient to the impacts of climate change.

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GFFA 2016 Highlights Agriculture and Food Security for SDGs, Climate [viewed]

gffa16 January 2016: The 2016 Global Forum for Food and Agriculture (GFFA) resulted in a Communiqué from the agriculture ministers of 65 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America. The ministers call for ensuring food security for cities and rural areas through: sustainable, productive and profitable agriculture; efficient, reliable supply and value chains; and vibrant rural areas.

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December 2015 Climate Finance Update [viewed]

December 2015 Climate Finance Update21 December 2015: During the month of December, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the World Bank, the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the Adaptation Fund and the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), among others, reported on new financing pledges and other climate finance news. Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs), climate funds and UN initiatives launched studies, reports and briefs on, inter alia, climate risks and resilience, and adaptation finance. A large number of climate finance-related side events were held during the UN Paris Climate Change Conference in December 2015.

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Global Soil Partnership Outlines Mitigation Potential of Soil Organic Carbon [viewed]

Global Soil Partnership (GSP)15 December 2015: The Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils (ITPS) of the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) has released a briefing paper on the role of soil organic carbon (SOC) in offsetting climate change. The paper reviews recent research on SOC and concludes that actions to reverse the loss of soil organic matter could be one of the most effective tools to mitigate climate change.

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Mountain Day Focuses on Mountain Products; Launches Reports on Food Insecurity and Adaptation [viewed]

mountain_international_day11 December 2015: International Mountain Day (IMD) took place under the theme ‘promoting mountain products,' with the aim of highlighting the potential of mountain products and services to contribute to livelihoods and sustainable employment in mountain areas. The Day highlighted opportunities for growth, such as the production of high quality, high value products like fair trade, organic cocoa, coffee, herbs, honey, spices and other niche market products, and underscored constraints in mountain development, especially with regard to food insecurity and climate change.

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COP 21 Considers Revised Draft Paris Outcome [viewed]

cop21_day1110 December 2015: Negotiations continued on the draft outcome of the Paris Climate Change Conference on Thursday, 10 December, with COP 21 President Laurent Fabius introducing a revised draft text in the evening. Fabius said there are “open options” on the most complex issues of differentiation, finance and ambition, and asked delegates to examine the document with a "new perspective,” keeping the final agreement in mind, suggesting “we are extremely close to the finish line.” Following a second night of negotiations, delegates were told on Friday that the sixth meeting of the Comité de Paris would convene Saturday morning, 12 December, during which a final draft of the proposed Paris Outcome would be presented.

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