International Negotiations

SBI, SBSTA and ADP Conclude in Paris, Drafts Forwarded to COP [viewed]

cop215 December 2015: On 4 December, the SBI and SBSTA concluded their work, but three items remained unresolved: the 2013-2015 review; capacity building under the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol; and impact of the implementation of response measures. On 5 December 2015, the ADP closed its work, adopted its conclusions, and forwarded the draft agreement and draft decision to the COP.

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ADP Issues Draft Paris Outcome for Consideration by COP 21 [viewed]

UNFCCC5 December 2015: On Saturday 5 December, at the end of the first week of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC, the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) adopted conclusions transmitting the text titled ‘Draft agreement and draft decision on workstreams 1 and 2 of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action' (FCCC/ADP/2015/L.6/Rev.1) to COP 21 for further consideration.

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UNEP DTU Partnership Releases Guidance Note on Developing INDCs [viewed]

December 2015: The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) DTU Partnership has released a Guidance Note on developing Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). The note explains the relevant elements of the Lima Decision of 20th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 20) to the UNFCCC, and offers a step-by-step guide on how countries can express the mitigation and adaptation components of their INDC.

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Guest Article #134: Cities and Regions Pushing Forward on Climate Action; What Will Global Leaders Do? [viewed]

Global leaders are now gathered in Paris for the UN Climate Summit and the world anxiously follows the negotiations. Will there be a deal? What will it look like? The hopes are high and the stakes possibly higher.

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Paris Climate Change Conference Negotiations Continue; Side Events Consider Renewable Energy and Cities [viewed]

cop213 December 2015: On Thursday, 3 December, the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP 2-12) contact group continued consideration of the negotiating text of the agreement and associated decisions. Spin-off groups, contact groups and informal consultations continued throughout the day.

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Paris Climate Change Conference Considers Reports from Funds, Side Events Consider Land, Farmers, INDCs [viewed]

cop21_iisdrs2 December 2015: On Wednesday, 2 December, African parties to the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 21) endorsed Morocco to host COP 22. Also during the COP plenary, the Strategic Climate Fund reported that, for the first time, it has provided two draft compiled texts on guidance to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and Global Environment Facility (GEF).

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Policy Update #25: Balancing Urgency and Integrity in Climate Finance: The Green Climate Fund's Daunting Task [viewed]

November 2015 began with an historic meeting of the Green Climate Fund (GCF), where the Board of this new international financial institution (IFI) approved the funding for its very first projects and programmes, totaling US$168 million and allocating an additional US$195 million over time. November ended with the first day of negotiations at the much anticipated Paris Climate Change Conference, where finance for mitigation and adaptation is expected to be a contentious issue as governments work toward a new global climate agreement. Climate finance has been named one of the pillars underlying a successful outcome in Paris by the French Presidency of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC.

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COP 21 Starts Substantive Negotiations [viewed]

cop21_1dec_iisdrs1 December 2015: Governments began substantive negotiations on the second day of the Paris Climate Change Conference. The Rio Conventions Pavilion and Africa Pavilion, among other organizers of side events, also convened panels on the themes of UNFCCC COP 21.

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Paris Climate Change Conference Opens with Financial Pledges at Leaders Event [viewed]

iisdrs_cop2130 November 2015: Heads of State and Government attending the Leaders Event on the first day of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 21) addressed, inter alia: the inclusion of gender for ensuring climate justice; the importance of differentiation; the legal form of the agreement; the periodicity of the review process; transparency and accountability rules; whether or not to anchor loss and damage in a permanent mechanism; the role of natural capital accounting; the link between climate change and development; balancing mitigation and adaptation finance; technology transfer in providing mitigation support; and the need to address the degradation of forests, desertification, and biodiversity loss.

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Paris Climate Change Conference Gathers Over 140 World Leaders on Opening Day [viewed]

cop21_iisdrscoverage30 November 2015: The 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 21) opened with more than 140 Heads of State and Government and other high-level officials delivering statements at a Leaders Event organized by the COP 21/CMP 11 Presidency. Many leaders emphasized the crucial juncture the meeting represents in terms of securing humanity's future. The first plenary session of the 12th part of the second session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP 2-12) took place the night before, on Sunday evening, 29 November. ADP 2-12 will begin negotiations in spin-off groups on 30 November.

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