Capacity Building & Education

Policy Update #24: INDCs: Foundation for a Successful Outcome in Paris? [viewed]

With the Paris Climate Change Conference just around the corner, 134 intended national determined contributions (INDCs), representing more than 150 countries, have been submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat as of 12 November, and more are still expected before Paris. INDCs outline the climate actions that individual countries intend to undertake in the post-2020 period, under the new climate agreement to be decided on in Paris.[1] Viewing them in aggregate should enable the tracking of progress and determining whether they represent a collective level of ambition that will be sufficient to limit temperature rise below 2°C relative to pre-industrial levels.[2]

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Egypt, Pakistan Submit INDCs [viewed]

UNFCCC12 November 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Egypt and Pakistan have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties that have made their submissions to 161. Egypt's INDC focuses largely on mitigation in the energy sector, especially through efficiency and alternative energy sources. Pakistan's INDC notes studies calculating the country's emissions projections are underway, which will allow the Party to make specific commitments.

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UNCCD Publishes Brief on Land-Climate Nexus [viewed]

land_matters_for_climate11 November 2015: The UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has published a brief titled, ‘Land matters for climate: Reducing the gap and approaching the target​,' ahead of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to be held in Paris, France. The publication states that additional commitments contained in the UNCCD's Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) target − which envisages rehabilitating 12 million hectares of degraded land globally each year − could help close roughly 25% of the estimated emissions gap of 13 gigatonnes of equivalent CO2 (GtC02e), and amounts to “two-thirds of the expected emissions reduction pledges of all INDCs [Intended Nationally Determined Contributions] in the year 2030.”

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SPREP Supports Ecosystem-based Adaptation through Climate Change, Water and Tree Planting Projects [viewed]

SPREPNovember 2015: The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) has highlighted its Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) approach, which is contributing to climate change adaptation in Fiji, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, ridge-to-reef management in the Solomon Islands, and tree planting in the Solomon Islands. Other SPREP activities featured on its news page include support for marine conservation through the Lui Bell scholarship.

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UNESCO Showcases Support to Climate Action, COP 21 [viewed]

UNESCONovember 2015: The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Task Force on COP 21 and Climate Change has released a short publication that outlines the Organization's contributions to addressing climate change. The publication also provides information on UNESCO events and initiatives in the run-up to, and during, the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC, which will take place in Paris, France, in November-December 2015.

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Climate Vulnerable Forum Issues Manila Communiqué [viewed]

Climate Vulnerable Forum11 November 2015: A meeting of 43 countries vulnerable to climate change concluded with the adoption of a call to "enshrine the critical goal of below 1.5°C together with a successive 5-year commitment cycle" in the Paris climate change agreement. The 20-member Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) convened its Sherpa Senior Officers' Meeting, with participation by 23 incoming members, to take stock of progress and prepare a common position ahead of the Paris Climate Change Conference.

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UNICEF Highlights El Niño's Impact on Children [viewed]

Unicef Logo10 November 2015: An estimated 11 million children are at risk from hunger, disease and lack of water in Eastern and Southern Africa alone as a result of a strengthening El Niño, according to the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF). The report, titled 'A Wake-Up Call: El Niño's Impact on Children,' discusses the effects of the weather phenomenon on children's mental and physical health, education and safety. It also looks at some of the regions affected, and highlights specific countries most impacted by El Niño events, such as Somalia, Ethiopia, Peru, Ecuador and Indonesia.

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UNESCO Youth Forum Issues Recommendations on 2030 Agenda, Climate Change [viewed]

UNESCO6 November 2015: Participants at the Ninth UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Youth Forum, held on the theme ‘Young Global Citizens for a Sustainable Planet,' agreed on a series of recommendations on climate change and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Forum aimed to ensure that voices of future generations remain front and center in the 2030 Agenda.

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UNEP, Axa Group Highlights Insurance Industry's Role in Building Resilience [viewed]

unep_fi_axa_2 November 2015: The UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) Principles for Sustainable Insurance (PSI) Initiative and the AXA Group, a global institutional investor, have published a report that showcases how cities and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are building resilience to climate risks, and highlights the important role the insurance industry plays in working with cities and SMEs to help build resilient and sustainable communities and economies.

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Saudi Arabia, Sudan Submit INDCs [viewed]

UNFCCC10 November 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Saudi Arabia and Sudan have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties that have made their submissions to 159. Saudi Arabia's INDC indicates it will pursue economic diversification and adaptation with the aim of generating mitigation co-benefits. Sudan's INDC identifies objectives in the energy, forestry and waste sectors designed to guide the country toward low-carbon development.

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