Agriculture & Food Security

El Salvador, Nauru and Somalia Submit INDCs [viewed]

UNFCCC17 November 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that El Salvador, Nauru and Somalia have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties that have made their submissions to 165. All three INDCs are submitted in the context of sustainable development plans or laws that are in place or that the countries have planned, and note that their contributions depend largely on external financing and support.

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Egypt, Pakistan Submit INDCs [viewed]

UNFCCC12 November 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Egypt and Pakistan have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties that have made their submissions to 161. Egypt's INDC focuses largely on mitigation in the energy sector, especially through efficiency and alternative energy sources. Pakistan's INDC notes studies calculating the country's emissions projections are underway, which will allow the Party to make specific commitments.

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UNCCD Publishes Brief on Land-Climate Nexus [viewed]

land_matters_for_climate11 November 2015: The UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has published a brief titled, ‘Land matters for climate: Reducing the gap and approaching the target​,' ahead of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to be held in Paris, France. The publication states that additional commitments contained in the UNCCD's Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) target − which envisages rehabilitating 12 million hectares of degraded land globally each year − could help close roughly 25% of the estimated emissions gap of 13 gigatonnes of equivalent CO2 (GtC02e), and amounts to “two-thirds of the expected emissions reduction pledges of all INDCs [Intended Nationally Determined Contributions] in the year 2030.”

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Guest Article #130: New Thinking on Agriculture and Fossil Fuel Subsidies [viewed]

New Zealand is a small, globalized economy built on the land sector. Our farming systems are mostly based on pastoral agriculture. In any given year, our land sector produces about 70% of the value of New Zealand's merchandise exports. As a consequence, there must be few other countries where milk prices are headline news, watched closely by currency traders, bank economists, and dairy farmers alike.

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Climate Vulnerable Forum Issues Manila Communiqué [viewed]

Climate Vulnerable Forum11 November 2015: A meeting of 43 countries vulnerable to climate change concluded with the adoption of a call to "enshrine the critical goal of below 1.5°C together with a successive 5-year commitment cycle" in the Paris climate change agreement. The 20-member Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) convened its Sherpa Senior Officers' Meeting, with participation by 23 incoming members, to take stock of progress and prepare a common position ahead of the Paris Climate Change Conference.

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WMO Reports Record High Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Concentrations [viewed]

WMO9 November 2015: In the November 2015 edition of its Greenhouse Gas Bulletin, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) reports that the amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere reached another record high in 2014. It indicates that atmospheric CO2 concentrations reached 397.7 parts per million (ppm) in 2014, and that between 1990 and 2014, radiative forcing increased by 36% due to emissions from industrial, agricultural and domestic activities.

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World Bank Highlights Poverty Reduction Benefits of Climate-Smart Development [viewed]

World Bank8 November 2015: In advance of the Paris Climate Change Conference, the World Bank has published a report, titled 'Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty,' which finds that poverty reduction and the fight against climate change can be more effectively achieved if addressed in tandem. It indicates that climate change poses “an acute threat” to poorer people, and has the potential to push more than 100 million people back into poverty by 2030, mostly in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

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FAO Reviews Assessment of Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture [viewed]

Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture6 November 2015: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) has released a technical study, titled 'Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture: Available Methodologies and their Relevance for the Sector,' which provides an overview of vulnerability assessment methodologies and their application in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.

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UNEP Emissions Gap Report: 2°C Goal Still Within Reach [viewed]

UNEP6 November 2015: The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has published its sixth edition of its 'Emissions Gap Report' ahead of the Paris Climate Change Conference. The report assesses the 119 intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) that have been submitted by 146 countries as of 1 October 2015, representing approximately 88% of global emissions. As previous editions, it then compares the resulting emission levels in 2030 with what is required by science to be on track towards the agreed target of a global average temperature increase below 2°C by 2100. The report notes that, while the implementation of INDCs will limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030, the expected Paris agreement can still encourage further action to achieve the 2°C goal.

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Indonesia Burning: Update [viewed]

Indonesia BurningNovember 2015: As fires continue to burn across millions of hectares in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) of the CGIAR Consortium has produced a series of stories and videos based on research from its on-site scientists. The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has also expressed deep concern, underscoring the need to address the issue through a long-term integrated approach.

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