Agriculture & Food Security

This section includes stories relating to the impacts of climate change on agricultural production, including changes in temperature, precipitation, water supply and resulting impacts on crop yields. The section also covers the agricultural sector’s role as emitter of greenhouse gases, in particular methane and nitrous oxide, and approaches and new technologies for emissions reduction and carbon sequestration. Food security issues in the context of climate change and related trends, such as biofuels production, as well as impacts of land-use changes on the Earth’s ability to absorb or reflect heat and light are also included.

CIFOR Reports: Mangroves Essential for Mitigating Climate Change [viewed]

CIFOR28 July 2015: Scientists from the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and its partners have determined that Indonesia could significantly reduce global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by halting the practice of clearing mangroves, which emits 190 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-eq) each year. Their findings, which highlight mangroves as globally-significant carbon sinks, are published in the journal Nature Climate Change.

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IITA, UCLA Partner on Congo Basin Research [viewed]

iita_ucla15 July 2015: The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), a member of the CGIAR Consortium, and the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) have established a new research facility in Cameroon, the Congo Basin Institute, which aims to address challenges of food and water security, climate change, biodiversity loss, public health and emerging diseases with focus on the Congo Basin.

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Japan Submits INDC [viewed]

Japan Flag20 July 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has announced that Japan is the 47th Party to formally submit its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC), which sets out a reduction target of 26% by fiscal year (FY) 2030 compared to FY 2013 (a 25.4% reduction compared to FY 2005). This reduction equates to approximately 1.042 billion tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-eq) as 2030 emissions, according to the INDC.

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UNFCCC, UNCCD and UNEP Highlight Development Benefits of Linking Land and Climate Agendas [viewed]

unfccc_unccd_unep13 July 2015: In their joint op-ed, titled 'The Land Battle for Sustainable Development,' Monique Barbut, Executive Secretary of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and Achim Steiner, Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), underscore the "huge, largely untapped potential for rapid gains in both the fight against climate change and efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals [SDGs].”

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Event: World Water Week 2015 [viewed]

World Water Week 2015 will meet under the theme ‘Water for Development,' with experts, practitioners, decision makers, business innovators and young professionals from a range of sectors and countries coming together to network, exchange ideas, stimulate innovative thinking and develop solutions to water-related challenges. The Week will include 160 events and eight workshops to discuss issues related to financing, the proposed sustainable development goals (SDGs), integrity, gender, climate change, energy, sanitation, food, conflict resolution and water management. World Water Week in Stockholm is an annual event that focuses on current global water issues, and is organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI). 2015 is the jubilee year for both the Week and the Stockholm Water Prize.  

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OECD, IEA, NEA, ITF Report Identifies Policies Misaligned with a Low-Carbon Economy [viewed]

low_carbon_economy3 July 2015: A report titled 'Aligning Policies for a Low-Carbon Economy' identifies current policy and regulatory frameworks that are not in line with creating a low-carbon economy. The report focuses on contradictory public policies, such as those that encourage investment in fossil fuels and work against global goals on climate change. It examines the policy domains of investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade and adaptation, as well as sectors greatly impacting the climate such as electricity, urban mobility and rural land use.

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African, Caribbean and Pacific Countries Discuss COP 21 Position [viewed]

uneca-gcca1 July 2015: UNFCCC Parties from Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific gathered for a Joint Policy Discussion geared toward finding a common position ahead of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21), scheduled to take place in November-December 2015, in Paris, France. According to the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), co-host of the Discussion with the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA), participants unanimously expressed concern about the difficulty of adaptation in the current state of climate politics and finance.

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BRICS to Operationalize New Development Bank, Strengthen Energy Cooperation [viewed]

brics9 July 2015: At its seventh annual summit, the BRICS group of countries (Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa) announced the BRICS Economic Partnership Strategy through 2020, which aims to strengthen ties in energy, high technology, agriculture, science and education. The BRICS also adopted the New Development Bank and Contingent Reserve Arrangement, with a total capacity of US$200 billion.

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Event: 2nd Africa Food Security and Adaptation Conference (AFSAC2) [viewed]

This conference will convene under the theme ‘Africa's Soil the New Frontier: Re-imagining Africa Food Security Now and into the Future under a Changing Climate'. The conference will explore how to sustainably tap into soil, one of Africa's key resources, in order to enhance food security and climate change resilience, while creating new employment opportunities for the continent's increasing youth population. Specific sessions will address a range of strategies to promote and transform ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA) driven agriculture in Africa, including how to: build scalable and inclusive business models; tap into innovative financing; involve women and youth more effectively; harness education, information and communication technology, and data; scale up EBA extension and knowledge services; incentivize private sector involvement; and contribute to increased South-South cooperation and capacity building. Building on the thematic discussions, the conference will focus on how to maximize policy frameworks and develop an action plan for implementing and scaling up EBA approaches and agro-value chains across Africa.

The conference is co-organized by the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP), the Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN (FAO) and the African Union Commission (AUC), in collaboration with a range of partners from UN Agencies, international research and policy organizations, civil society networks and the private sector.  

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IFAD, CCAFS Outline Smallholder Farmers' Role in Reducing Emissions [viewed]

ifad-ccafs8 July 2015: The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) have released the 'Mitigation Advantage Report' at Our Common Future Under Climate Change Science Conference held by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in Paris, France.

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