Agriculture & Food Security

This section includes stories relating to the impacts of climate change on agricultural production, including changes in temperature, precipitation, water supply and resulting impacts on crop yields. The section also covers the agricultural sector’s role as emitter of greenhouse gases, in particular methane and nitrous oxide, and approaches and new technologies for emissions reduction and carbon sequestration. Food security issues in the context of climate change and related trends, such as biofuels production, as well as impacts of land-use changes on the Earth’s ability to absorb or reflect heat and light are also included.

Inaugural African Drought Conference Issues Windhoek Declaration, Adopts Strategic Framework [viewed]

unccd_namibia_au19 August 2016: The High-Level Meeting of the inaugural African Drought Conference, comprising African member States and Parties to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), adopted an overarching Strategic Framework to enhance resilience to the impact of drought events in Africa, issued the 'The Windhoek Declaration,' and underscored the importance of drought resilience in achieving Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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Event: 25th Session of the Committee on Sustainable Energy [viewed]

The 25th session of the Committee on Sustainable Energy will focus on: 'Energy for Sustainable Development'; how to deliver on national commitments in support of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); and potential solutions to be agreed on at an Energy Ministerial that will take place during the Eighth International Forum on Energy for Sustainable Development in Astana, Kazakhstan, on 11 June 2017. The Committee will also exchange views on, inter alia: national actions; market realities in the context of low oil and gas prices; decision making during periods of risk and uncertainty; and the impact of decarbonization on fossil fuel assets, fossil fuel producers and energy markets in Europe. Topics addressed will also include: the effect of oil prices on the sustainable energy agenda; measuring and tracking progress regarding energy productivity; gaps between actions and nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and between NDCs and outcomes; the role of fossil fuels in a future energy system; the water, food and energy nexus and connections with smart cities and transport; and methane management in extractive industries. This meeting is being organized by the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).  

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Guest Article #144: Severe, Increasingly Common Droughts Demand Climate Change Adaptation [viewed]

With climate change likely intensifying the effects of this year's El Niño, many parts of the world are experiencing longer droughts, more frequent floods and increasingly violent storms. This can have a devastating effect on poor and vulnerable households, underlying the critical role that climate adaptation efforts play in sustaining livelihoods. Ethiopia is facing its worst drought in 50 years. Two successive rainy seasons have failed, leaving up to ten million people in need of aid. As of May 2016, humanitarian funding requirements have increased to more than US$1.5 billion.

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Climate Vulnerable Forum Inaugurates South-South Centre, Ethiopian Presidency [viewed]

cvf15 August 2016: Addressing the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) for the first time in his capacity as Chair, Shiferaw Teklemariam Menbacho, Minister of Environment, Forestry and Climate Change of Ethiopia, stressed that the 43 highly vulnerable member countries of the CVF strive to develop their economies, yet "continue to be faced with serious, devastating and unforeseeable challenges" that hinder progress toward "inclusive and sustainable development."

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2015 Climate Finance by MDBs at US$25 Billion [viewed]

2015_climate_finance9 August 2016: In 2015, six multilateral development banks (MDBs) jointly committed more than US$25 billion in climate finance. According to the '2015 Joint Report on Multilateral Development Banks' Climate Finance,' in addition, a total of US$55.7 billion were committed in co-finance, raising the total to US$80.8 billion. The sum committed in 2015 by the six MDBs represents an 11% drop compared to climate financing commitments in 2014, at US$28.3 billion, but is above 2013 levels (US$23.8 billion). The 2014 report (published in 2015) did not include data for co-financing.

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Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: Heat-Related Deaths to Increase, Children and the Poor Most Climate Vulnerable [viewed]

adaptation and loss update8 August 2016: As reports of new temperature extremes exceeding the 50°C mark continue to come in, further climate change-related concerns have been voiced by the UN community. The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) has expressed concern over a potential rise in deaths precipitated by heat. The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Bank have cautioned that children and the world's poor are among those disproportionately affected by climate change. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and others have emphasized climate change impacts on food security. On the policy side, the Adaptation Committee (AC) and the Least Developed Countries (LDC) Expert Group (LEG) have issued a call for submissions from Parties and stakeholders on their Paris mandates.

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COP 22 Provisional Agendas Released [viewed]

UNFCCC3 August 2016: From 7-18 November 2016, in Marrakesh, Morocco, the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP) will convene for the first time since it adopted the Paris Agreement in December 2015. In addition to the 22nd session of the COP (COP 22), the 12th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 12), the 45th sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 45) and of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 45), as well as the second part of the first session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA 1-2) will take place during the Marrakesh Climate Change Conference. The UNFCCC Secretariat has recently released the provisional agendas for all five of these meetings.

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Kigali Declaration Increases Forest Landscape Restoration Commitments in Africa [viewed]

rwanda_eac_iucn27 July 2016: Thirteen African country representatives and stakeholders participating in the 'Africa High Level Bonn Challenge Roundtable' adopted the 'Kigali Declaration on Forest Landscape Restoration in Africa,' which reaffirms and increases commitments to the Bonn Challenge, an initiative aiming to restore 150 million hectares of the world's deforested and degraded lands by 2020 and 350 million hectares by 2030 through forest landscape restoration (FLR) activities.

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Event: High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) 2017 [viewed]

The fifth High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF), convening under the auspices of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), will take place from 10-19 July 2017, including a three-day ministerial meeting of the Forum on 17-19 July. The theme of the 2017 session will be 'Eradicating poverty and promoting prosperity in a changing world,' as decided in UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution A/70/299. The set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be reviewed in depth will be: Goal 1 (End poverty in all its forms everywhere); Goal 2 (End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture); Goal 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages); Goal 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls); Goal 9 (Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation); Goal 14 (Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development); and Goal 17 (Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development), which will be considered each year.  

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July 2016 Climate Finance Update: Meetings Call for Access, Mobilization, Scaling Up [viewed]

july2016_finance1 August 2016: During the month of July, a number of high-level meetings highlighted the need for enhanced focus on climate finance. Resilience and disaster recovery projects in Asia and Africa received new financing. Climate funds launched calls for readiness and private sector support projects, and a number of entities reported on lessons learned from climate finance in agriculture, forests, gender mainstreaming and regional resilience investment planning.

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