Technology

Policy Update #24: INDCs: Foundation for a Successful Outcome in Paris? [viewed]

With the Paris Climate Change Conference just around the corner, 134 intended national determined contributions (INDCs), representing more than 150 countries, have been submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat as of 12 November, and more are still expected before Paris. INDCs outline the climate actions that individual countries intend to undertake in the post-2020 period, under the new climate agreement to be decided on in Paris.[1] Viewing them in aggregate should enable the tracking of progress and determining whether they represent a collective level of ambition that will be sufficient to limit temperature rise below 2°C relative to pre-industrial levels.[2]

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Group on Earth Observations Adopts Mexico City Declaration [viewed]

geo1213 November 2015: The Twelfth Plenary Session of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO-XII) and the 2015 Mexico City Ministerial Summit concluded with the adoption of the Mexico City Declaration and the approval of the GEO Strategic Plan for 2016-2025.

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India, UK Issue Statement on Energy and Climate Change [viewed]

india_uk13 November 2015: The Prime Ministers of the UK and India have issued a joint statement stressing their shared and uncompromising commitment to tackling climate change, including by taking domestic action and by working together for an ambitious and comprehensive agreement at the Paris Climate Change Conference. The Joint Statement on Energy and Climate Change was released during a meeting between India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi and British Prime Minister David Cameron held in London, UK.

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Egypt, Pakistan Submit INDCs [viewed]

UNFCCC12 November 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Egypt and Pakistan have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties that have made their submissions to 161. Egypt's INDC focuses largely on mitigation in the energy sector, especially through efficiency and alternative energy sources. Pakistan's INDC notes studies calculating the country's emissions projections are underway, which will allow the Party to make specific commitments.

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Morocco, France Issue Tangier Call for Strong, Solidarity-based Climate Change Action [viewed]

morocco_france28 October 2015: The Permanent Missions to the UN of Morocco and France issued a letter to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon containing the 'Tangier Call for Strong, Solidarity-based Action on Climate Change.' The Call is aimed at mobilizing the international community ahead of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC.

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UNESCO Showcases Support to Climate Action, COP 21 [viewed]

UNESCONovember 2015: The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Task Force on COP 21 and Climate Change has released a short publication that outlines the Organization's contributions to addressing climate change. The publication also provides information on UNESCO events and initiatives in the run-up to, and during, the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC, which will take place in Paris, France, in November-December 2015.

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Guest Article #130: New Thinking on Agriculture and Fossil Fuel Subsidies [viewed]

New Zealand is a small, globalized economy built on the land sector. Our farming systems are mostly based on pastoral agriculture. In any given year, our land sector produces about 70% of the value of New Zealand's merchandise exports. As a consequence, there must be few other countries where milk prices are headline news, watched closely by currency traders, bank economists, and dairy farmers alike.

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Climate Vulnerable Forum Issues Manila Communiqué [viewed]

Climate Vulnerable Forum11 November 2015: A meeting of 43 countries vulnerable to climate change concluded with the adoption of a call to "enshrine the critical goal of below 1.5°C together with a successive 5-year commitment cycle" in the Paris climate change agreement. The 20-member Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) convened its Sherpa Senior Officers' Meeting, with participation by 23 incoming members, to take stock of progress and prepare a common position ahead of the Paris Climate Change Conference.

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IEA World Energy Outlook: Renewables Leading New Energy Supply by 2030s [viewed]

IEA10 November 2015: The International Energy Agency (IEA) has released the 2015 edition of the 'World Energy Outlook' (WEO-2015). Based on intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) submitted in advance of the Paris Climate Change Conference, WEO-2015 concludes that renewables will become the leading source of new energy supply worldwide, overtaking coal as the largest source of electricity generation by the early-2030s. The report estimates that, by 2040, renewables-based generation will reach 50% in the EU and around 30% in China and Japan, and surpass 25% in the US and India.

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Arctic Council Working Group Assesses Methane Mitigation Benefits for Arctic Warming [viewed]

Arctic Council30 October 2015: The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), one of the six Working Groups of the Arctic Council, has released its assessment report on methane as a climate forcer. The report concludes that methane mitigation can complement action on carbon dioxide (CO2) mitigation in reducing Arctic warming, and contribute to reducing the potential of increased methane emissions from natural terrestrial and marine sources in the Arctic due to a warming climate.

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