October 2008: The Third Global Congress of Women in Politics
and Governance will convene in Manila, Philippines, from 19-22 October 2008,
with a focus on gender in climate change and disaster risk reduction.
6 August 2008: The UN Conference on Trade and Development's
(UNCTAD) Trade and Development Board hearing with civil society will address
the global food crisis as a systemic failure in development strategy, including
its relationship with climate change.
18 June 2008: The UN Conference on Trade and
Development's (UNCTAD) Working Party on the Medium-term Plan
and Programme Budget met from 16–18 June 2008, in Geneva, Switzerland, and discussed
a work plan for the implementation of the outcomes of the twelfth UNCTAD, held in Accra,
3 June 2008: In his address to the High-Level Conference on
World Food Security: the Challenges of Climate Change and Bioenergy, which
convened from 3-5 June 2008, in Rome, Italy, the Secretary-General of the UN
Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Supachai Panitchpakdi, criticized
subsidized exports from the developed world, noting that many former net
exporters of food in Africa, Asia and Latin America are now net importers as a
result of the market distortions caused by the subsidies.
25 April 2008: The twelfth UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD XII), which took place from 20-25 April 2008, in Accra, Ghana, adopted a ministerial Accra Declaration and an Accra Accord, identifying challenges and opportunities of globalization for development and a four-year work plan. The conference, which was attended by approximately 4000 delegates, including UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, considered sustainable development, poverty reduction and related global policies. The conclusions highlighted the challenges facing many developing countries in relation to global economic integration, and set out an agenda for progress in economic and social development. Outcomes included a pledge by member states to resist protectionism, particularly against goods and services from developing countries. The Accra Declaration notes that climate change currently poses a significant challenge, especially to the poor, who are least equipped to adapt. It urges urgent action to address adaptation and mitigation in accordance with the provisions and principles of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, bearing in mind the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, and taking into account social and economic conditions and other relevant factors. It further states that adequate financing and technology will be critical to help developing countries to rise to this challenge and that the trade and development aspects of climate change are important for development prospects of developing countries, and should be adequately taken into account in mitigation and adaptation strategies.