Multilateral Environmental Agreement Body

Policy Update #24: INDCs: Foundation for a Successful Outcome in Paris? [viewed]

With the Paris Climate Change Conference just around the corner, 134 intended national determined contributions (INDCs), representing more than 150 countries, have been submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat as of 12 November, and more are still expected before Paris. INDCs outline the climate actions that individual countries intend to undertake in the post-2020 period, under the new climate agreement to be decided on in Paris.[1] Viewing them in aggregate should enable the tracking of progress and determining whether they represent a collective level of ambition that will be sufficient to limit temperature rise below 2°C relative to pre-industrial levels.[2]

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Group on Earth Observations Adopts Mexico City Declaration [viewed]

geo1213 November 2015: The Twelfth Plenary Session of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO-XII) and the 2015 Mexico City Ministerial Summit concluded with the adoption of the Mexico City Declaration and the approval of the GEO Strategic Plan for 2016-2025.

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Egypt, Pakistan Submit INDCs [viewed]

UNFCCC12 November 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Egypt and Pakistan have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties that have made their submissions to 161. Egypt's INDC focuses largely on mitigation in the energy sector, especially through efficiency and alternative energy sources. Pakistan's INDC notes studies calculating the country's emissions projections are underway, which will allow the Party to make specific commitments.

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UNCCD Publishes Brief on Land-Climate Nexus [viewed]

land_matters_for_climate11 November 2015: The UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has published a brief titled, ‘Land matters for climate: Reducing the gap and approaching the target​,' ahead of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to be held in Paris, France. The publication states that additional commitments contained in the UNCCD's Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) target − which envisages rehabilitating 12 million hectares of degraded land globally each year − could help close roughly 25% of the estimated emissions gap of 13 gigatonnes of equivalent CO2 (GtC02e), and amounts to “two-thirds of the expected emissions reduction pledges of all INDCs [Intended Nationally Determined Contributions] in the year 2030.”

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Pre-COP 21 Focuses on Ambition, Fairness, Post-2020 Financing and Pre-2020 Action [viewed]

Paris Climate Change Conference - November 2015 (UNFCCC COP 21)10 November 2015: In preparation for the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC, 62 ministers gathered in Paris, France, for a three-day "Pre-COP" at the invitation of incoming COP 21 President Laurent Fabius, French Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development. The Pre-COP aimed to consider potential compromises and build political momentum, particularly in the areas of ambition, fairness, post-2020 financing and pre-2020 action.

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Saudi Arabia, Sudan Submit INDCs [viewed]

UNFCCC10 November 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Saudi Arabia and Sudan have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties that have made their submissions to 159. Saudi Arabia's INDC indicates it will pursue economic diversification and adaptation with the aim of generating mitigation co-benefits. Sudan's INDC identifies objectives in the energy, forestry and waste sectors designed to guide the country toward low-carbon development.

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Event: 12th Meeting of the Board of the Green Climate Fund [viewed]

During its 12th meeting, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) Board is set to discuss a number of pending issues related to fully operationalizing the Fund, and its policies and procedures. Among other things, the Board intends to consider proposals from entities wishing to be accredited by the Fund. The Board governs and supervises the GCF based on guidance from the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC, including on matters relating to policies, programme priorities and eligibility criteria and matters related thereto.  

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UNFCCC Releases Technical Paper to Aid Streamlining ADP Texts [viewed]

UNFCCC6 November 2015: At the 11th part of the second session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP 2-11), held October 2015, Parties requested the UNFCCC Secretariat to draft a technical paper identifying areas of closely related concepts, duplication and possible areas for streamlining in the draft Paris agreement and decisions. The paper (ADP.2015.12.InformalNote) has been released for Parties' consideration ahead of the Paris Climate Change Conference.

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Montreal Protocol Parties Set Roadmap for HFC Amendment [viewed]

Delegates huddle outside the plenary room on the last day of MOP 278 November 2015: The 27th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (MOP 27) adopted decisions on essential-use exemptions (EUEs) and critical-use exemptions (CUEs), and a Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) report on alternatives to ozone depleting substances (ODS), among other substantive and procedural decisions. Following protracted negotiations, Parties also agreed to a road map for negotiating an amendment on the feasibility and ways of managing hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

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GCF Board Approves First Projects [viewed]

green-climate-fund-new6 November 2015: The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is set to fund its first projects after the Board approved eight proposals at its 11th meeting (GCFB 11). The approved funding, which is contingent on fulfillment of specified conditions for seven of the projects, totals US$168 million. At the meeting, the Board also adopted an initial monitoring and accountability framework for accredited entities, a process to develop a strategic plan, a decision on the readiness programme and an updated set of administrative guidelines on procurement.

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