Multilateral Environmental Agreement Body

Policy Update #25: Balancing Urgency and Integrity in Climate Finance: The Green Climate Fund's Daunting Task [viewed]

November 2015 began with an historic meeting of the Green Climate Fund (GCF), where the Board of this new international financial institution (IFI) approved the funding for its very first projects and programmes, totaling US$168 million and allocating an additional US$195 million over time. November ended with the first day of negotiations at the much anticipated Paris Climate Change Conference, where finance for mitigation and adaptation is expected to be a contentious issue as governments work toward a new global climate agreement. Climate finance has been named one of the pillars underlying a successful outcome in Paris by the French Presidency of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC.

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COP 21 Starts Substantive Negotiations [viewed]

cop21_1dec_iisdrs1 December 2015: Governments began substantive negotiations on the second day of the Paris Climate Change Conference. The Rio Conventions Pavilion and Africa Pavilion, among other organizers of side events, also convened panels on the themes of UNFCCC COP 21.

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Angola, Brunei Darussalam, Jamaica, Malaysia, Nigeria, Palau and Tuvalu Submit INDCs [viewed]

UNFCCC1 December 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Angola, Brunei Darussalam, Jamaica, Malaysia, Nigeria, Palau and Tuvalu have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties that have made their submissions to 185.

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LPAA Forest Event Features Commitments to Protect and Restore Forests [viewed]

lpaa1 December 2015: A special event on forests, held as part of the Paris Climate Change Conference and under the Lima-Paris Action Agenda (LPAA), showcased partnerships, commitments and implementation strategies to protect and restore forests, and endorsed them as a key climate solution. The LPAA is a joint undertaking of the Peruvian and French Presidencies of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC, the Office of the UN Secretary-General and the UNFCCC Secretariat.

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LPAA Agriculture Event Showcases Initiatives on Soils, Livestock, Food Waste and Production [viewed]

lpaa1 December 2015: A half-day event on agriculture took place under the Lima-Paris Action Agenda (LPAA) and as part of the Paris Climate Change Conference, presenting six cooperative initiatives to drive the growth of climate-resilient, productive and low-emissions agriculture. As the UNFCCC notes, agriculture is one of the sectors most seriously affected by extreme climate, but it also accounts for 24% of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that cause climate change.

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UN Secretary-General Launches Climate Resilience Initiative [viewed]

cop2130 November 2015: At the opening of the Paris Climate Change Conference, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced the launch of an initiative to build the resilience of the world's most vulnerable populations against impacts of climate change and natural disasters. Led by the Ban in collaboration with 13 UN entities, the initiative will enhance vulnerable populations' capacities to anticipate hazards, absorb shocks and reshape development to reduce risks.

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Climate Action and UNEP Launch Climate Action Publication 2015-2016 [viewed]

climate_action30 November 2015: Introducing the ninth edition of the 'Climate Action Publication,' UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Executive Director Achim Steiner indicates that it shows how various elements can fit together to deliver lasting, meaningful change through the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the “Paris climate deal.” Steiner's foreword to the publication notes that the integration of environmental sustainability, social equity and economic progress in the 2030 Agenda “is galvanizing momentum for a strong, universal climate agreement.” The publication was produced for the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC.

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Initiatives Announced to Double Clean Energy Research and Development [viewed]

cop2130 November 2015: Twenty major economies launched an initiative to double their investments in clean energy research and development (R&D), while a group of private major investors announced a coalition pledged to invest in early-stage development of technology coming out of the aforementioned initiative. Both were formally announced at the opening of the Paris Climate Change Conference.

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Paris Climate Change Conference Opens with Financial Pledges at Leaders Event [viewed]

iisdrs_cop2130 November 2015: Heads of State and Government attending the Leaders Event on the first day of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 21) addressed, inter alia: the inclusion of gender for ensuring climate justice; the importance of differentiation; the legal form of the agreement; the periodicity of the review process; transparency and accountability rules; whether or not to anchor loss and damage in a permanent mechanism; the role of natural capital accounting; the link between climate change and development; balancing mitigation and adaptation finance; technology transfer in providing mitigation support; and the need to address the degradation of forests, desertification, and biodiversity loss.

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UNFCCC Report Identifies Ways to Realize Mitigation Potential [viewed]

UNFCCC30 November 2015: The UNFCCC has published a report outlining policies, initiatives and actions that could be scaled up and replicated by countries to realize significant mitigation potential in the pre-2020 period. Together, the report, titled ‘Climate Action Now: Summary for Policymakers 2015,' and a dedicated website, Climate Action 2020, aim to highlight the potential for greater climate action and ambition before 2020.

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