Multilateral Environmental Agreement Body

Transparency and Compliance Update: Australia, New Zealand Inventory Review Reports and 17 True-Up Period Review Reports Released [viewed]

unfccc_fao2 May 2016: How does one ensure Parties are fulfilling their climate change commitments? The answer is a transparency and compliance regime. Transparency is vital for building international trust and confidence that action to address climate change is taking place, as well as for assessing how to facilitate further action. In the last month, documents issued by the UNFCCC Secretariat put Australia, Liechtenstein and New Zealand under the microscope, along with 17 developed countries that participated in the true-up period of the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period (CP1). A number of activities related to transparency for developing countries also took place.

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April 2016 Climate Finance Update: Key Meetings Mobilize Action, Adaptation Put under the Spotlight [viewed]

climate_finance_april_20161 May 2016: In the Paris Agreement, agreed upon by 195 UN Member States in December 2015, countries agreed to make “finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate-resilient development.” Developing countries will receive financial resources for both mitigation and adaptation actions, while developed countries are expected to continue to lead in mobilizing climate finance from a variety of sources, with public funds playing a significant role in reaching the previously agreed US$100 billion annual target by 2020. Monthly IIDS RS Climate Finance Updates aim to help track multilateral financing to support the finance goal agreed under the UNFCCC, which will in turn contribute to the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts).

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Policy Update #32: Monthly Forecast: May 2016 [viewed]

After a full schedule of high-profile events, statements, and commitments in April, policy work in May 2016 will be guided by key documents on sustainable development.

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Implementation Update: As Governments Prepare for Paris Agreement Signing Ceremony, Carbon Pricing in the Spotlight [viewed]

paris_agreement_ceremony21 April 2016: In the lead up to the Paris Agreement on climate change Signing Ceremony, various events have added to the growing momentum of what is expected to be one of the largest ever signing events. In the shadow of the announcement by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) that March 2016 recorded the highest combined global average temperature of any March since 1880, the growing number of countries expected to sign the Paris Agreement on 22 April is also on track to set a record. This Implementation Update summarizes activities by UNFCCC Parties as they focus on mitigating and adapting to these warming trends, especially following the adoption in 2015 of the Paris Agreement and in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It includes: recent buzz around market mechanisms, carbon pricing and scaling private sector involvement; the growing impetus ahead of the High Level Signing Ceremony; an outlook to the May session of the UNFCCC; good news about European cars; and Fiji's post-disaster recovery efforts.

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Vulnerable Countries Urge Financial Responses to Climate Change Consistent with 1.5°C Limit [viewed]

v2014 April 2016: Finance ministers of the Vulnerable Twenty (V20) Group consisting of 43 developing countries 'systemically' vulnerable to climate change have agreed to advance climate change responses through financial action compatible with the goal of keeping the global temperature rise below 1.5°C above preindustrial levels, calling for swifter progress towards the developed countries' commitment of US$100 billion annually.

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February-April 2016 NAMA Update: NAMAs Receive Growing Attention as Implementation Tools Post-Paris [viewed]

feb_nama_update201615 April 2016: Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) by developing countries, first introduced in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Cancun Agreements, are becoming an increasingly important vehicle supporting the implementation of the Paris Agreement, with significant co-benefits for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development due to their alignment with national development strategies. This update focuses on individual NAMAs, and related support, events and activities, for the period from mid-February 2016 to mid-April 2016.

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'Two Degrees of Change' Initiative Addresses Women's Role in Climate Action [viewed]

newton11 April 2016: A new initiative aimed at accelerating progress on climate action and gender equality by forming a more joined-up approach and creating a “compounding effect” has been launched. The 'Two Degrees of Change' initiative is led by Helena Morrissey, CEO, Newton Investment Management (a global investment management firm), and Christiana Figueres, UNFCCC Executive Secretary. It will help achieve Sustainable Development Goal 13 (SDG 13) on taking urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts, and SDG 5 on achieving gender equality.

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Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: Adaptation Committee and LDC Expert Group Begin Work under Paris Mandate, Climate Change Adaptation, DRR and Sustainable Development Interlinkages Come to the Fore [viewed]

unfccc_unu_undp_une-_wcmc9 April 2016: Alongside the long-term goal of limiting temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels by 2100, the Paris Agreement on climate change includes a long-term adaptation goal, namely that of "enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal." Furthermore, the vast majority of national climate plans submitted in advance of Paris (or Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)) included descriptions of countries' adaptation goals, priorities, actions and needs. This Adaptation Update is the first in a series that aims to track the implementation of the adaptation component of these INDCs, and progress towards the long-term adaptation goal of the Paris Agreement. The activities reported in this Update also contribute to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts), as well as SDG 1 (End poverty in all its forms everywhere), SDG 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls) and SDG 10 (Reduce inequality within and among countries).

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Implementation Update: Momentum Builds Ahead of Paris Agreement Signing Ceremony [viewed]

UNFCCC8 April 2016: This Implementation Update report summarizes activities by UNFCCC Parties related to the fulfillment of their commitments, especially following the adoption in 2015 of the Paris Agreement and in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Recent news includes actions taken by the UNFCCC Secretariat to support implementation, announcements by Parties of their intention to sign or ratify the Paris Agreement, and efforts by Canada, the US and Thailand aimed at accelerating climate action.

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OEWG 37 Discusses Challenges for HFC Amendment [viewed]

oewg378April 2016: The 37th meeting of the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG 37) of the parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer discussed challenges involved with adopting a Protocol amendment regarding hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The Group reached agreement on compromise draft text for a formal exemption for high-ambient temperature (HAT) countries, and a linked deferral procedure, but suspended the session without completion of other matters, including on financing.

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