Publication

Guest Article #130: New Thinking on Agriculture and Fossil Fuel Subsidies [viewed]

New Zealand is a small, globalized economy built on the land sector. Our farming systems are mostly based on pastoral agriculture. In any given year, our land sector produces about 70% of the value of New Zealand's merchandise exports. As a consequence, there must be few other countries where milk prices are headline news, watched closely by currency traders, bank economists, and dairy farmers alike.

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IEA World Energy Outlook: Renewables Leading New Energy Supply by 2030s [viewed]

IEA10 November 2015: The International Energy Agency (IEA) has released the 2015 edition of the 'World Energy Outlook' (WEO-2015). Based on intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) submitted in advance of the Paris Climate Change Conference, WEO-2015 concludes that renewables will become the leading source of new energy supply worldwide, overtaking coal as the largest source of electricity generation by the early-2030s. The report estimates that, by 2040, renewables-based generation will reach 50% in the EU and around 30% in China and Japan, and surpass 25% in the US and India.

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UNICEF Highlights El Niño's Impact on Children [viewed]

Unicef Logo10 November 2015: An estimated 11 million children are at risk from hunger, disease and lack of water in Eastern and Southern Africa alone as a result of a strengthening El Niño, according to the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF). The report, titled 'A Wake-Up Call: El Niño's Impact on Children,' discusses the effects of the weather phenomenon on children's mental and physical health, education and safety. It also looks at some of the regions affected, and highlights specific countries most impacted by El Niño events, such as Somalia, Ethiopia, Peru, Ecuador and Indonesia.

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UNEP, Axa Group Highlights Insurance Industry's Role in Building Resilience [viewed]

unep_fi_axa_2 November 2015: The UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) Principles for Sustainable Insurance (PSI) Initiative and the AXA Group, a global institutional investor, have published a report that showcases how cities and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are building resilience to climate risks, and highlights the important role the insurance industry plays in working with cities and SMEs to help build resilient and sustainable communities and economies.

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Arctic Council Working Group Assesses Methane Mitigation Benefits for Arctic Warming [viewed]

Arctic Council30 October 2015: The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), one of the six Working Groups of the Arctic Council, has released its assessment report on methane as a climate forcer. The report concludes that methane mitigation can complement action on carbon dioxide (CO2) mitigation in reducing Arctic warming, and contribute to reducing the potential of increased methane emissions from natural terrestrial and marine sources in the Arctic due to a warming climate.

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WMO Reports Record High Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Concentrations [viewed]

WMO9 November 2015: In the November 2015 edition of its Greenhouse Gas Bulletin, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) reports that the amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere reached another record high in 2014. It indicates that atmospheric CO2 concentrations reached 397.7 parts per million (ppm) in 2014, and that between 1990 and 2014, radiative forcing increased by 36% due to emissions from industrial, agricultural and domestic activities.

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World Bank Highlights Poverty Reduction Benefits of Climate-Smart Development [viewed]

World Bank8 November 2015: In advance of the Paris Climate Change Conference, the World Bank has published a report, titled 'Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty,' which finds that poverty reduction and the fight against climate change can be more effectively achieved if addressed in tandem. It indicates that climate change poses “an acute threat” to poorer people, and has the potential to push more than 100 million people back into poverty by 2030, mostly in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

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UNFCCC Releases Technical Paper to Aid Streamlining ADP Texts [viewed]

UNFCCC6 November 2015: At the 11th part of the second session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP 2-11), held October 2015, Parties requested the UNFCCC Secretariat to draft a technical paper identifying areas of closely related concepts, duplication and possible areas for streamlining in the draft Paris agreement and decisions. The paper (ADP.2015.12.InformalNote) has been released for Parties' consideration ahead of the Paris Climate Change Conference.

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FAO Reviews Assessment of Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture [viewed]

Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture6 November 2015: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) has released a technical study, titled 'Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture: Available Methodologies and their Relevance for the Sector,' which provides an overview of vulnerability assessment methodologies and their application in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.

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New Climate Economy Highlights Benefits of Energy Efficiency Standards [viewed]

the_new_climate_economy5 November 2015: The New Climate Economy reports that raising energy efficiency standards around the world could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 6.9 gigatonnes carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO2e) per year by 2030. Exceeding the current annual emissions of the US, such reductions would also provide economic savings in appliances, buildings, industry and transport. The research appears in a working paper, titled ‘Raising Energy Efficiency Standards to the Global Best,' which provides recommendations for raising energy efficiency standards in G20 countries and globally.

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