June 2008: In an effort to
engage vulnerable groups in international debates on climate change, the UN
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Coasts and Small Islands Platform and Local
and Indigenous Knowledge Systems Programme has launched an Internet-based
discussion forum on climate change.
By Richard Sherman and Peter Doran, IISDRS
While the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
(UNFCCC) process is the official ‘home' for climate policy
negotiations, the road to Copenhagen will increasingly witness the
acceleration of initiatives across the United Nations system and the
intergovernmental sphere. System-wide initiatives on climate change
reflect a commitment across the UN family to support the UN
Secretary-General's commitment to play a leadership role in supporting
the international community's current efforts to address climate
change, using the Bali Action Plan and Roadmap, and to ensure that all
parts of the UN contribute to a solution.
10 June 2008: The
European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA) was launched on 10 June 2008.
This EU research project is a consortium of over 100 scientists from 27
organizations in nine countries to address ocean acidification. Its goal is to
document ocean acidification, investigate its impact on biological processes,
predict its consequences for the next 100 years, and advise policy-makers on
potential thresholds or tipping points that should not be exceeded.
5 June 2008: As
part of the UN World Tourism Organization's (UNWTO) strategy to implement the
recommendations of the Davos Declaration, a project aiming to integrate the
Maldives' tourism into its climate change adaptation activities is underway.
June 2008: The World Bank has priced a US$25 million bond linked to Certified
Emissions Reductions (CERs) to be generated by a Clean Development Mechanism
(CDM) project in China.
29 May 2008: The UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the Government of Japan announced, at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV), a US$ 92.1 million programme for climate change adaptation in Africa. The UNDP/Japan adaptation programme is expected to be operational in August 2008.
6 June 2008: The World Bank's Carbon Fund is facilitating a
US$8.37 million project in southern Nicaragua that plans to turn 600 hectares
of privately-owned former cattle ranches into new-growth teak forests. The Nicaragua Precious Woods Project began in August 2006,
and intends to absorb nearly 300,000 tons of carbon emissions by the year 2017
while conserving approximately 350 hectares of secondary forest and mature
29 May 2008: The World Bank announced a new
programme to address the impact of tropical glacier retreat in Bolivia, Peru, and
Ecuador. During the project launch in Lima, Peru, Carlos Felipe Jaramillo,
World Bank director for Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela noted that “Climate
change will heavily impact Andean countries' economies, particularly the poor.
Adapting to climate change is crucial given the severe and irreversible effects
it will have on the region.”
The UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the government of India recently signed a US$42 million agreement under the UNIDO Country Programme of Technical Cooperation in India 2008-2012.
13 May 2008: The UN's “Billion Tree Campaign,” a grassroots campaign to plant trees around the globe, recently announced it has raised its target from one billion to seven billion trees. The campaign was launched in 2006 by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) as a response to the threat of global warming and other sustainability challenges related to biodiversity loss and water supply. Since its launch, the campaign has resulted in the planting of two billion trees, over half of which have been planted in African countries.